BHA 4108 Assessment 1 Managing Population Health

Communication Health Needs

The Anytown community is located in a suburban region with a diverse population and it has multiple health challenges (BHA 4108 Assessment 1 Managing Population Health) that need a structured and comprehensive approach. The main aim of this ‘BHA 4108 Assessment 1 Managing Population Health’ is to develop an extensive Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP) according to the needs of Anytown. This mainly focuses on health issues by integrating both treatment and wellness models to manage and solve these challenges effectively(Pradier et al., 2023).

The CHIP is designed to provide strategic interventions and initiatives mainly aimed at enhancing the overall health and well-being of Anytown’s residents. This aim can be achieved by focusing on the health issues which can be identified by the detailed and systematic health needs assessment which makes sure that initiatives are based on the evidence and community-specific(Dougall et al., 2023).

Other Assessment:
BHA FPX 4004 Assessment 1 Address a Patient Safety Issue

Community Characteristics

Anytown has a population of approximately 50,000 residents and is a residential community. This population shows a major diversity as 60% of the residents are white, 20% are Hispanic, 10% are African American, 5% are Asian and the remaining 5% are related to other ethnicities. This multicultural diversity shows the importance of competent health services(Elliott et al., 2021).

The median age of Anytown’s population is 35 years, and it signifies a young community that has a major portion of young families and working-age individuals. This demographic profile is important and it shows the types of health services and programs that should be given priority including maternal and child health services and also programs that aim to prioritize lifestyle-related conditions among young adults(Lau et al., 2019).

From an economic point of view, Anytown shows a mixed socioeconomic landscape. Approximately 15% of the population lives below the poverty line while many residents have a moderate to high standard of living(Pradier et al., 2023). This economic differentiation shows the need for better health interventions that are important to address the challenges faced by low-income families. These interventions include limited access to healthcare services, nutritional deficiencies, and increased vulnerability to chronic diseases.

 In Anytown, educational attainment varies wifely as the major part of the population has high school diplomas or higher degrees. The diversity in educational background creates an impact on health literacy levels and has a great influence on people and how they take health information. Moreover, to ensure effective communication and engagement, health promotion efforts must be customized to accommodate health literacy levels(C. Ross Hatton et al., 2024).

It also provides a range of community resources that can be used to support health improvement initiatives. These initiatives include parks, recreational centers, community organizations, and schools which play an important role in promoting community engagement and participation in health programs. CHIP can enhance its reach and effectiveness by using these existing resources and making sure that health initiatives are accessible to all residents.

Health Needs Assessment – BHA 4108 Assessment 1 Managing Population Health

The health needs assessment (BHA 4108 Assessment 1 Managing Population Health) for Anytown shows the need for a more systematic approach that can easily identify the health issues and the challenges that are faced by the community (Dougall et al., 2023). The first step involves gathering the data and then analyzing it based on demographic and socioeconomic factors. The most important factors include local health departmental records, hospital discharge data community surveys, and national databases such as the Centers for Disease and Prevention (CDC) and the U.S. Census Bureau.

According to the Demographic data, Anytown has a total population of approximately 50,000 residents with varying ethnic composition almost 60% are white, 20% Hispanic. Due to this diversity, there is a need to provide health facilities according to the different groups of the populations(Lau et al., 2019). Anytown has a relatively higher percentage of younger people and it’s important to provide awareness related to multiple diseases such as cardiovascular conditions, diabetes, and obesity so that young adults can make better decisions related to their health.

 Socioeconomic factors also affect health outcomes in Anytown. The economic barriers are the major hurdles to accessing healthcare services as about 15% of the population is living below the poverty line(Macharia et al., 2023). Residents who have low incomes have higher chances of having chronic diseases, mental health disorders, and substance abuse due to limited access to safe housing, nutritious food, and healthcare services. Moreover, the rate of education attainment also varies in the community which affects health literacy and the ability to engage in health-promoting behaviors. To help residents to make better health decisions it’s important to improve the health literacy efforts with the help of the community programs(Pradier et al., 2023).

The assessment also shows the occurrence of health conditions in the community. The major concerns in Anytown are obesity, diabetes, and mental health disorders according to data. Obesity rates are much higher and affect both adults and children and are mainly due to inactive lifestyles and poor dietary habits. The rate of diabetes Type 1 and Type 2 is also increasing which shows the need for diabetes management programs that include education, regular screening, and lifestyle interventions. Mental health disorders are common in all age groups which includes depression and anxiety and there is a need for mental health services and community support systems(Elliott et al., 2021).

Substance abuse is another main issue that is identified in the health needs assessment. The community has reported increasing rates of opioid and alcohol use which shows severe consequences for the health and safety of the public. To address the issue of substance, abuse a diverse approach is needed that includes accessible treatment services, prevention education, and support for the individuals for recovery(C. Ross Hatton et al., 2024).

This health assessment also identifies the existing community resources that can be used to solve the health challenges. Anytown has several parks, recreational centers, and community organizations that can be used to support health promotion activities(Marium Salwa et al., 2024). The impact of the health initiatives can be enhanced by collaborating with these entities and it will make them more accessible to the residents. Moreover, the most important role is played by the schools and workplaces as they provide environments to support healthy behaviors and offer multiple health education programs (Orabone et al., 2022). 

Improvement Plan

For Anytown to develop an effective Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP) it is important to follow a collaborative approach that focuses on the specific health needs that are identified by the community health Assessment (CHA). The process starts with a thorough review of the CHA findings which helps to point out the most pressing health issues including obesity, diabetes, mental health disorders, and substance abuse(Macharia et al., 2023). Stakeholders can gain a comprehensive understanding of the community’s health status by analyzing demographic, socioeconomic, and health data and it can also help to understand the factors that are contributing to the issues.

For the planning process, it’s important to engage multiple stakeholders. This process includes identifying and involving representatives from the local health departments, hospitals, businesses, schools, community organizations, and resident groups(CDC, 2024). Forming a CHIP partnership with multiple members makes sure that all community voices are heard and considered in the decision-making process which helps to promote the culture of commitment.

The next step is the development of the shared vision and mission for the CHIP. This can be achieved through the workshops and meetings with the stakeholders to define the plan’s goals, creating a vision statement that shows the community’s health aspirations, and a mission statement that shows the plan’s purpose and primary objectives. A focused direction for CHIP can be provided by establishing clear and unified goals that are according to the efforts of all participants(Pradier et al., 2023).

The major component of the CHIP is prioritizing the health issues. The coalition can focus on the major health issues by ranking health issues based on factors such as severity, prevalence, and community impact. In Anytown, these priorities might include focusing on the high rates of obesity, diabetes, mental health disorders, and substance abuse. The prioritization process should also consider the social determinants of health and the specific needs of vulnerable populations(C. Ross Hatton et al., 2024).

The next step is to clear and actionable goals and strategies that can help to focus on the health issues. For every health issue, there is a need to establish the SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, Time-bound) goals and focus on the development strategies that include preventive measures, treatment programs, and wellness initiatives. These strategies must align with the culture and be customized to meet the needs of Anytown’s population(Zhang et al., 2023).

For successful implementation of the CHIP, identifying and utilizing community resources and establishing partnerships are important. If the existing community assets are taken into consideration such as parks, recreational centers, schools, and healthcare facilities, and collaboration with the healthcare organizations then it can help to consume resources(Orabone et al., 2022). To sustain the plan’s initiatives it is important to assure funding from the grants and local government support.

The implementation requires synchronized efforts across multiple sectors. To ensure accountability, responsibilities should be assigned to the coalition members and a detailed implementation plan with timelines and milestones should be developed(Zhang et al., 2023). For CHIP success it’s important to promote community involvement through public reaching and engagement activities.

To ensure the effectiveness of the CHIP (BHA 4108 Assessment 1 Managing Population Health), monitoring and evaluating progress plays an important role. A system needs to be established for tracking progress with quantitative and qualitative data as it can help with evaluations and adjustments based on the findings(Marium Salwa et al., 2024). This continuous assessment helps to improve program effectiveness and make sure that the plan adapts to meet the evolving health needs.

Finally, maintaining transparency and keeping the community informed about progress is important. To maintain engagement and support it’s important to publish reports regularly and share them with the overall community through multiple channels such as local media, social media, and community meetings. To promote a culture of collaborative spirit and support the community’s commitment to improving health outcomes it is important to celebrate the success and recognize contributions from stakeholders and community members(CDC, 2024). 

Conclusion – BHA 4108 Assessment 1 Managing Population Health

Managing Population Health gives students detailed knowledge and practical skills, which are important for improving community health outcomes. With the help of a structured curriculum, the course covers major components such as population health, the application of health analytics and health informatics, management strategies, community health assessment, and the importance of policy in public health. Students are ready and prepared to develop and implement health initiatives by understanding these areas as they help to solve the needs of diverse populations, using evidence-based practices and promoting community engagement.

References

BHA 4108 Assessment 1 Managing Population Health: Dougall, I., Milica Vasiljevic, Maja Kutlaca, & Weick, M. (2023). Socioeconomic inequalities in mental health and wellbeing among UK students during the COVID-19 pandemic: Clarifying underlying mechanisms. PLOS ONE, 18(11), e0292842–e0292842.

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0292842

BHA 4108 Assessment 1 Managing Population Health: Elliott, J. P., Christian, S. N., Doong, K., Hardy, H. E., Mendez, D. D., & Gary-Webb, T. L. (2021). Pharmacist Involvement in Addressing Public Health Priorities and Community Needs: The Allegheny County Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) Project. Preventing Chronic Disease, 18https://doi.org/10.5888/pcd18.200490

BHA 4108 Assessment 1 Managing Population Health: Macharia, P. M., Pinchoff, J., Taylor, C., & Lenka Beňová. (2023). Exploring the urban gradient in population health: insights from satellite-derived urbanicity classes across multiple countries and years in sub-Saharan Africa. BMJ Global Health, 8(10), e013471–e013471. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2023-013471

BHA 4108 Assessment 1 Managing Population Health: Marium Salwa, Islam, S., Tasnim, A., Abdullah, M., Mahfuzur Rahman Bhuiyan, Sohel Reza Choudhury, Md Robed Amin, & M. Atiqul Haque. (2024). Health Literacy Among Non-Communicable Disease Service Seekers: A Nationwide Finding from Primary Health Care Settings of Bangladesh. Health Literacy Research and Practice, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.3928/24748307-20240119-01

BHA 4108 Assessment 1 Managing Population Health: Pradier, C., Balinska, M. A., & Bailly, L. (2023). Enhancing multi-sectoral collaboration in health: the open arena for public health as a model for bridging the knowledge-translation gap. Frontiers in Health Services, 3. https://doi.org/10.3389/frhs.2023.1216234

BHA 4108 Assessment 1 Managing Population Health: CDC. (2024, May 14). Community Planning for Health Assessment: CHA & CHIP. Public Health Professionals Gateway. https://www.cdc.gov/public-health-gateway/php/public-health-strategy/public-health-strategies-for-community-health-assessment-health-improvement-planning.html

BHA 4108 Assessment 1 Managing Population Health: Orabone, A. W., Do, V., & Cohen, E. (2022). Pharmacist-Managed Diabetes Programs: Improving Treatment Adherence and Patient Outcomes. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy, Volume 15, 1911–1923. https://doi.org/10.2147/dmso.s342936

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