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MHA FPX 5068 Assessment 1 Merit-Based Incentives and Daily Operations

MHA FPX 5068 Assessment 1 Merit-Based Incentives and Daily Operations

Merit-Based Incentives and Daily Operations The Vila Health leadership has sought an examination (MHA FPX 5068 Assessment 1 Merit-Based Incentives and Daily Operations) of the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS)’s impact on day-to-day operations. MIPS development is critical for influencing Electronic Health Records (EHRs), healthcare delivery, and overall patient outcomes. To ensure company compliance, management must be educated about the program. In past years, Medicare service payment increases were limited by the Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) statute, which controlled expenditure increases based on Medicare population growth plus an inflation allowance. As the use of clinician services rose, the compensation for each treatment unit had to be adjusted downward to keep costs constant, resulting in an unsustainable Physician Fee Schedule. The Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA) replaced the SGR with the Quality Payment Program, which now has two incentive payment tracks to choose from, with high-value, high-quality Medicare clinicians receiving payment increases and clinicians not meeting performance standards receiving payment reductions (QPP Overview, 2021). CMS established the Medicare and Medicaid EHR Incentive Program in 2011, which is presently known as the Promoting Interoperability Program. The program’s goal is to encourage doctors, qualified hospitals, and Critical Access Hospitals to adopt, implement, upgrade, and exhibit significant utilization of Certified Electronic Health Record Technology (CEHRT) (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), 2021). The Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS) was a CMS-implemented reporting tool that allowed eligible professionals (EPs) to access the quality of care they gave patients via quality metric reporting. The Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) of 2015 established the Value-Based Payment Modifier, which replaced CMS’s prior fee-for-service model for Medicare payments (QPP Overview, 2021). The MIPS (MHA FPX 5068 Assessment 1 Merit-Based Incentives and Daily Operations) combined the Physician Quality Reporting System, Meaningful Use, and Value-Based Payment Modifier Medicare quality programs. It included a new category for measuring Clinical Practice Improvements. MIPS assigns a composite performance score to each qualifying physician or group based on their performance in quality, resource utilization, CEHRT usage, and clinical practice improvement initiatives. Once performance ratings are computed, they are compared to the average of all MIPS doctors, and those who score higher than average get bonuses. In contrast, Individuals who score lower than average are punished. This consolidation was established to achieve the same goals as the previous programs to achieve better clinical outcomes, improve population health outcomes, increase transparency and efficiency, empower individuals with their health information, and provide more research data on health systems Wilson (2019). Other Assessment:PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 2 Operant Extinction Meeting Merit-Based Incentive Measures The four key MIPS categories are quality, interoperability, improvement activities, and cost. The Quality category accounts for 40% of the performance score, and six measurements must be provided on at least 70% of qualifying instances with a single result. If no result is relevant, another high-priority measure should be presented. The Promoting Interoperability Details category accounts for 25 percent of the performance score. It encourages patient participation and electronic information interchange utilizing approved electronic health record technologies, such as e-prescribing and provider-to-patient communication.  Improvement Activities Details account for 15% of the performance score. It also compensates physicians for providing care that prioritizes care coordination, beneficiary participation, and patient safety for a minimum of 90 consecutive days. Finally, cost represents 20% of the performance score. It is also estimated from Medicare administrative claims using cost benchmarks for the same year’s performance (Myers, 2020). Failing to Meet Merit-Based Incentive Measures The Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) is a Quality Payment Program that calculates Medicare payment modifications (bonus, penalty, or no payment) based on care performance scores. Throughout the performance period, physicians submit metrics and activities to the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). Cost measures are computed using quality, improvement activities, interoperability promotion, and cost. The clinician determines the ultimate payment for Medicare claims services through the final computation of the performance score. Providers who employ an Alternative Payment Model are exempt from MIPS. Physicians are exempt from MIPS if they treat less than 200 Medicare patients annually or charge less than $90,000 in Medicare claims. Enrolling in Medicare for the first time during a performance year exempts providers from MIPS until the next year. MIPS deployment is part of a larger effort to better integrate quality treatment with Medicare reimbursements to doctors by analyzing clinical activity data (Wilson 2019). To optimize performance scores in MIPS categories for full payment, Vila Health’s qualified doctors and healthcare management must grasp the MIPS measurement standards. With this information, physicians can use MIPS reporting flexibilities to enhance composite performance scores while avoiding the negative nine percent penalty by picking MIPS measures on which the organization currently performs well. Vila Health should also collaborate with EHR and Health IT vendors to integrate MIPS reporting requirements into clinical workflows. Scores may be evaluated on a regular basis and improved as needed. In addition to reporting help, EHR and Health IT vendors might provide clinical documentation support for data completeness to guarantee that coding operations and clinical documentation adhere to MIPS criteria. Finally, health care management should find physicians who will support MIPS education and performance improvements. Using physicians to teach their colleagues on how to create clinical workflows that integrate MIPS standards without taking away from patient care time and other clinical obligations will help with MACRA implementation (LaPointe, 2019). Conclusion – MHA FPX 5068 Assessment 1 Merit-Based Incentives and Daily Operations MIPS is critical for linking Medicare payments to care quality, emphasizing better clinical outcomes and patient empowerment. For Vila Health, understanding MIPS criteria assures compliance, improves performance ratings, and obtains cash incentives. Strategic adherence to MIPS promotes continual improvement and improves both operational efficiency and patient outcomes. References MHA FPX 5068 Assessment 1 Merit-Based Incentives and Daily Operations: American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. (2021). Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS). aapmr.org. Retrieved October 14, 2021, from https://www.aapmr.org/quality-practice/quality-reporting/merit-incentive-payment-system. MHA FPX 5068 Assessment 1 Merit-Based Incentives and Daily Operations: Centers for Medicare and

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PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 2 Operant Extinction

PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 2 Operant Extinction

Operant Extinction When first put into effect, operational extinction (PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 2 Operant Extinction) can be deceiving. There are various major components, however it is not the ideal approach for reducing harmful behavior. As a Registered Behavior Technician, I put this into effect whenever the software requests an extinction approach. Since I began using it more, I have witnessed personally how successful it can be, as well as how severely it can fail just as easily. Also Read:PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 1 Exploring a Career in Applied Behavior Analysis According to Principles of Behavior, 7th edition (2016, Malott & Shane), employing extinction as a strategy in Applied Behavior Analysis reduces problematic behavior by interrupting the reinforcement that sustains it. I’ve personally seen this strategy employed for maladaptive habits that operate as tangible or attentional. I’ll go over an example of attention-seeking behavior, as well as when extinction is employed to satisfy a need for something concrete. Harry (name altered for privacy) is a six-year-old who has been undergoing behavior treatment for approximately two years. Harry is the eldest of two siblings, with the younger brother being diagnosed with ASD. Since their diagnosis, both children have received treatment at home and school. There was a four-month break in treatment, during which neither kid received therapy, and the milieu at home altered since their mother was homeschooling. Once treatment resumed at home, we saw behavior characterized by attention-seeking, primarily from a parent. The Analyst (PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 2 Operant Extinction) on the case determined that it was better to use the extinction strategy to address this habit. When Harry noticed the other parent spending time with the other sibling, he would start climbing the sofa and grabbing the barrier on the wall. It was a possible safety risk since the customer may fall and injure himself. Still, we discovered that when the parent saw Harry doing this, Harry would giggle, and because he saw, the parent would approach him and “pull him down,” reinforcing the unpleasant behavior. With this specific scenario, the RBT discovered that the parent was inadvertently using positive reinforcement, which increased the undesirable and potentially harmful behavior.  We also discovered that Harry was once again utilizing this climbing habit to distract his sibling from the parent, as he would invite his sibling to climb alongside him. The therapist saw that even if the parent ignored the conduct, the sibling was encouraging it by responding to Harry’s request. In addition to instructing the parent on how to employ extinction, we had to involve the sibling in the process.  When we were told to employ the extinction strategy like PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 2 Operant Extinction, we recognized we needed to replace the habit first. Because this was an attention-seeking function, we asked parents to be available at a specified time to offer Harry attention when it was desired. When the therapist noticed that Harry was getting attention from the parents, we had the client seek a break outdoors for swing time. That became the alternative to redirecting the conduct. Without extinction, we began taking regular pauses in which the parent would swing both siblings and play with them on the playground for approximately 10 minutes. Once the client requested this on his own, we began the extinction process with the climbing behavior (PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 2 Operant Extinction) he was demonstrating for attention. The parent was told to ignore the climbing. Typically, the parent would yell at Harry to get down or physically pull him down. We urged the parents and other family members to absolutely ignore the client and not address him at all. Instead, we asked them to walk outside to the playground. We assumed that because the sibling would follow the parent, the client would do the same. The client would get down from the sofa and ask parents whether they may go outside to swing. Once the client had appropriately demanded attention, the parent encouraged the client. We also helped Harry learn how to ask for food using the extinction approach. Harry would yell and use verbal aggressiveness prior to the extinction process. To persuade him to stop, the parents would provide him with odd foods. Harry would not be hungry for supper because he had been munching all day. We discovered that the bad conduct was connected to his hunger since he did it at specified times. The analyst ensured that we followed a visual timetable and included when breakfast, lunch, and supper would be provided. We also designed a timer-based strategy, which showed the client how much time he had to finish his meal before it was withdrawn. Once this process began, we were able to implement the extinction of the undesired behavior of screaming. We used the visual timetable in PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 2 Operant Extinction to remind the client when food was arriving, and snacks were no longer used to promote the yelling behavior. The examples offered demonstrate that employing extinction to reduce harmful behavior may be beneficial. When we implemented extinction, we saw an extinction explosion in both situations. When Harry could not catch the parents’ attention while climbing, he began dashing onto the sofa and yelling, “Look, I’m falling!” to receive the normal reward from the parents. If he was crying for a portion of food and extinction had just been introduced, he would pound his hands on a nearby table or wall. We also heard that the grandparents were rewarding this behavior by having Harry sleep at their house on weekends because they wanted the shouting to cease. Extinction is a wonderful approach to apply when all parties are working cooperatively. It is also a tough method to impose on the client’s caretakers. As an analyst, you must analyze all factors to ensure that you are selecting an approach that will work for the client and the family members involved, resulting in consistent outcomes. References – PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 2 Operant Extinction

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PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 1 Exploring a Career in Applied Behavior Analysis

PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 1 Exploring a Career in Applied Behavior Analysis

Exploring a Career in Applied Behavior Analysis Applied Behavior Analysis is a method for studying behavior (PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 1 Exploring a Career in Applied Behavior Analysis) and its implications. It focuses on understanding what causes specific behaviors to arise and how they develop over time. Behavior analysts use many approaches to change and improve these habits. These methods “teach individuals more effective ways of behaving and working to change the social consequences of existing behavior (BACB, 2021).” Related Assessment:PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 1 Community Presentation These specialized characteristics include social interactions, communication skills, and adaptive learning abilities. Applied behavior analysis may help people of all ages, from childhood to maturity, and with a wide range of problems. These disorders may include, but are not limited to, Autism Spectrum Disorder, ADHD, OCD, and other intellectual impairments. When it comes to working in the ABA area, you have numerous possibilities. For example, depending on the degree of education a person has, there are several employment options. A bachelor’s degree in applied behavior analysis can lead to careers as a Board Certified Assistant Behavior Analyst (BCaBA), a behavior technician, or an early interventionist. With a master’s degree, you can become a Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA), an ABA therapist, or an education consultant. These are just a handful of the various career options available (PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 1 Exploring a Career in Applied Behavior Analysis). There are several career opportunities available, including public schools, autism centers, and mental health treatment clinics. For this research, I interviewed Kelly Halstead, a BCBA. She presently works as a school consultant at a public elementary school in Connecticut. She works with kids in preschool through sixth grade (ages 3 to 11). She is also the Director of ABA Services at an autistic center. She picked this professional route since she had worked with this group of pupils for a long time in various support jobs. It was the next stage in her studies, allowing her to create programs for pupils. To become a BCBA, various qualifications must be met before gaining certification. The first step is to finish the appropriate courses at an approved institution. Once the coursework like PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 1 Exploring a Career in Applied Behavior Analysis has begun, you can begin to meet the 2000 hours of supervision requirement. After completing both of them, you will be eligible to arrange and take the BCBA certification test. Kelly’s everyday responsibilities as a BCBA are extensive. She conducts Functional Behavior Assessments to determine the contingencies required to maintain any troublesome behaviors (Malottet al., 2015). Then she develops Behavior Intervention Plans to reduce circumstances and encourage good behaviors. In addition, she monitors and analyzes data obtained from her support personnel to determine the development her customers are making. This might include both academic and behavioral data. She also teaches support personnel and talks with teachers about problem behaviors, skill development issues, and how to respond if a problem behavior occurs. Finally, she develops programs and sets prompt levels for skill learning. She also has unique professional obligations as the director of an ABA facility. She ensures that all BCBAs submit correct and thorough treatment plans and provide the finest ABA services to their in-home clients. She also handles the invoicing system and ensures that the facility has the necessary insurance authorizations to provide ABA services to her customers. As with any employment, there will undoubtedly be pros and cons. One of the perks is that every day is different and intriguing. Every day might be unpredictable depending on the pupils she works with and their actions. Working with and witnessing children learn something new like PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 1 Exploring a Career in Applied Behavior Analysis, experiencing a “lightbulb” moment, or engaging in a socially relevant replacement behavior is extremely rewarding. Kelly stated that she enjoys being able to teach personnel to provide great ABA services. One drawback of her profession is that it might be stressful. There is a persistent sensation of needing to know the solutions. Many individuals, including teachers, parents, and support staff, rely on BCBAs to provide advice or solutions for dealing with troublesome behaviors. Sometimes BCBAs don’t have immediate solutions. It may take some time and trial and error to determine what is driving behavior and then create a plan to change it. Since I’ve been working in public schools for many years, I’ve had the opportunity to collaborate with several BCBAs. This has made me understand that I want to do what they do. I want to obtain a BCBA and serve as a school consultant. I appreciate meeting with teachers and other support workers to discuss our pupils. Additionally, I would want to develop BIPs for my kids and assist with staff training since it is critical that everyone interacting with a child is consistent and understands how to administer these behavior plans and give additional services. I enjoy knowing I’m making a difference when I see pupils learning effectively throughout the school day. The most rewarding aspect of my profession is seeing the pupils grow. Being the director of an ABA facility is not something I intend to pursue professionally. I would prefer not to manage the facility’s billing and insurance. I am also not confident in my managerial abilities while interacting with staff. My purpose is to engage directly with customers and provide services that enable them to live successful lives. This informational interview has confirmed my decision to pursue this (PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 1 Exploring a Career in Applied Behavior Analysis) career. It has helped me understand what would be expected of me as a BCBA and the obstacles that may arise. This has also increased my motivation to continue putting in the effort required to achieve this objective. ABA is a complex and ever-changing sector to work in. I am aware that I will need to continue to work hard since the clients or students for whom I

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PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 1 Community Presentation

Community Presentation Psychology (PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 1 Community Presentation) in the Middle East has received attention because of its distinct cultural and historical backdrop. Investigating psychological phenomena in this region provides insights into the relationship between culture, religion, and psychology. Key figures, major concerns, and theoretical conflicts have molded the discourse in Middle Eastern Psychology, resulting in a unique viewpoint that differs from Western psychological frameworks (Hassan et al., 2021; Oakley et al., 2019). Other Assessment:PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 4 History and Influence of the New School of Thought Middle East Psychology The Arab area, which includes 22 member states, stretches across Asia and Africa and accounts for over 5% of the world population. This heterogeneous territory is divided geographically and economically, with Islam as the major religion and Arabic as the official language (Saab et al., 2022). Key Figures of Islamic Psychology Islamic psychology has a long history, with famous thinkers such as Ibn Sina, Muhammed Zakariyah-e-Razi, Al-Ghazali, and Ibn-Khaldun making substantial contributions to its growth (Martyn Shuttleworth, 2019). Central Concerns and Theoretical Conflicts Muslim people, particularly those living in Western nations, face a variety of problems, including spiritual, biopsychosocial, and economic barriers. Despite these problems, Islamic teachings are increasingly emphasizing the significance of mental health. Muslim mental health professionals have an important role in tackling these issues via education, understanding, and research (Tanhan and Young, 2021). How Psychology Offers Culturally Similar Perspectives The American Psychological Association (APA) recognizes the importance of religion in psychology with its section 36, “Psychology of Religion.” According to research, there is a favorable relationship between religious and mental health. Integrating Western psychological theories with Islamic precepts has the potential to increase the acceptance and growth of Islamic psychology (Iqbal & Skinner, 2021; Oakley et al., 2019). Evaluation of Similarities in Cultural Influences The relationship between Islam and the West includes sociopolitical, cultural, religious, and economic elements. Both cultures promote the principle of unconditional justice for all people, regardless of race, religion, or ethnicity (Rifai, 2022). Evaluation of Differences in Cultural Influences Acculturated immigrants and ethnic minorities frequently suffer linguistic and cultural difficulties, which limit their access to mental health care (Dahlan et al., 2019). Conclusion – PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 1 Community Presentation Islamic and Western psychology exhibit similarities, notably in terms of acculturation and advocating for mental health treatment among immigrant groups. Emphasizing social justice, regardless of cultural background, is critical for enhancing overall well-being in varied societies. References PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 1 Community Presentation: Dahlan, R., Badri, P., Saltaji, H., & Amin, M. (2019). Impact of acculturation on oral health among immigrants and ethnic minorities: A systematic review. PLOS ONE, 14(2), e0212891. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0212891 PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 1 Community Presentation: Hassan, S. A., Mohamed, F., Sheikh, N., Basualdo, G., Daniel, N. A., Schwartz, R., Gebreselassie, B. T., Beyene, Y. K., Gabreselassie, L., Bayru, K., Tadesse, B., Libneh, H. A., Shidane, M., Benalfew, S., Ali, A., Rao, D., Patel, R. C., & Kerani, R. P. (2021, December 2). “They wait until the disease has taken over you and the doctors cannot do anything about it”: Qualitative insights from Harambee! 2.0. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(23), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312706 PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 1 Community Presentation: Iqbal, N., & Skinner, R. (2021). Islamic psychology: Emergence and current challenges. Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 43(1), 65–77. https://doi.org/10.1177/0084672420983496 PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 1 Community Presentation: Martyn Shuttleworth. (2019). Islamic Psychology – History of Psychology. Explorable.com. https://explorable.com/islamic-psychology PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 1 Community Presentation: Oakley, L. P., López-Cevallos, D. F., & Harvey, S. M. (2019, July 25). The association of cultural and structural factors with perceived medical mistrust among young adult Latinos in rural Oregon. Behavioral Medicine, 45(2), 118-127. https://doi.org./10.1080/08964289.2019.1590799 PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 1 Community Presentation: Rifai, D. S. L. (2022, February 2). Islam and the West in Ali al-Namlah’s Reconciliatory Thought: Dr SLM RIFAI Part 1. Papers.ssrn.com. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=4023963 Saab, R., Harb, C., Ayanian, A. H., Badaan, V., & Albzour, and M. (2022). Psychology in the Arab region: A critical perspective on challenges and ways forward. APS Observer, 35. https://www.psychologicalscience.org/observer/gs-psychology-arab-region Tanhan, A., & Young, J. S. (2021). Muslims and mental health services: A concept map and a theoretical framework. Journal of Religion and Health. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-021-01324-4

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PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 4 History and Influence of the New School of Thought

History and Influence of the New School of Thought The school of thought in psychology (PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 4 History and Influence of the New School of Thought) has produced ideas and beliefs on human intellect, performance, culture, environment, learning habits, and social interactions. Many new schools of thought have emerged in recent years, including environmental psychology, feminist psychology, African/Black psychology, behavioral genetics, and so on. This paper will discuss the historical development and influence of feminist psychology. Also Check:PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior Founding Figures, Events, and Ideas of the School of Thought Feminist psychology is a field of psychology that emerged in the 1960s and 1970s as part of the most prominent feminist movement. It seeks to highlight the marginalization and discrimination of women in psychology and the community on a larger scale. Founding figures Jean Baker Miller, who wrote “Toward a New Psychology of Women.” in 1976, is one of the oldest and most important figures in feminist psychology. Nancy Chodorow, Carol Gilligan, Sandra Bem, and Mary Belenky were also key figures in the development of feminist psychology.  Events Betty Friedan’s proclamation in her book “The Feminine Mystique” in 1963 is widely regarded as the beginning of the feminist movement in the United States. This movement sparked an interest in examining women’s experiences and contributed to the development of feminist psychology. In 1973, the Association for Women in Psychology (AWP) was founded to provide a forum for feminist psychologists to collaborate and exchange their research. Ideas One of the main principles of feminist psychology is that gender is a social norm rather than a biological one. Feminist psychologists argue that gender obligations and potentials are taught via socialization and can vary across values and historical periods. Another important premise is that old psychological conceptions and procedures are biased toward males and do not adequately account for women’s experiences. Feminist psychologists seek to understand women’s experiences and viewpoints, as well as how bias and oppression affect women’s psychological health and well-being. They also promote a more cooperative and democratic approach to therapy, which involves acknowledging and valuing the customer’s abilities and empowering them to have an active role in their rehabilitation (Good Therapy, 2020). PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 4 History and Influence of the New School of Thought Feminist psychologists have developed a number of unique ideas and methodologies aimed at understanding the experiences of women and other marginalized groups. For example, they have pioneered ideas of relational-cultural treatment that emphasize the importance of relationships and networks in mental health. They have also developed novel ways to investigate gender and power dynamics in interactive interactions (Alvarez & Lazzari, 2020).  Furthermore, feminist psychology is an analytical and active field that questions old psychological ideas and techniques in order to achieve a more precise and inclusive knowledge of human psychology. It is guided by fundamental beliefs and ideas that emphasize social fairness, diversity, and the importance of associations and relationships in impacting individual and collective well-being. Historical and Societal Influences Various historical factors influenced the development of feminist psychology, including the women’s rights movement, second-wave feminism, and social and cultural changes in the 1960s and 1970s (Burkett & Brunell, 2019). The most important influence on the development of feminist psychology was the women’s rights movement, which began in the late nineteenth century and continued into the twentieth century. The campaign aimed to defend equal rights for women, such as the freedom to vote, work, and pursue an education. This movement created a space for women to express their experiences and advocate for collective change. Feminist psychoanalysts used the concepts of movement and values to question outdated theories that ignored or diminished women’s experiences (Wikipedia Contributors, 2019). The second-wave feminist movement, which emerged in the 1960s and 1970s, has had a significant impact on feminist psychology. This campaign stressed the issues, such as generative rights, equal pay, and the representation of women on social media. Feminist psychologists were influenced by the second-wave feminist movement’s emphasis on social justice and impartiality, and they attempted to confront sexism and gender disparities within the field of psychology (Dominguez, 2020). The 1960s and 1970s saw significant social and economic changes that aided the development of feminist psychology. These variances included a surge in the counterculture movement, which questioned outmoded gender roles and encouraged individual expression. Feminist psychologists demonstrated these societal shifts by challenging psychology’s traditional beliefs, which typically promoted gender stereotypes and unfairness (Tabassum & Nayak, 2021). Several cases that strongly support the historical investigation of feminist psychology involve the work of Carol Gilligan, who challenged the androcentric model of psychology by emphasizing the importance of connections and emotion in the development of women. Sandra Bem, for example, developed the Bem Sex-Role Inventory, which addressed the dual idea of gender by measuring individual gender attributes and behaviors on a continuum rather than as male or female (Tabassum & Nayak, 2021).  How This School of Thought Guides Social Thinking Feminist psychology is a way of understanding and expressing how gender and other societal disparities affect patients’ psychological health, behavior, and safety. Feminist psychologists study how cultural, ethnic, and economic factors interact with gender to shape people’s experiences and the larger community to which they belong (Bhandari, 2024). One way feminist psychology influences collective thought is by challenging established gender roles and stereotypes. Feminist psychologists argue that gender obligations and stereotypes are socially constructed and frequently have negative consequences for people, particularly women (Bhandari, 2024). For example, the stereotype that females are sensitive and illogical might lead to their dismissal or lack of recognition in the workplace. Feminist psychology stimulates these preconceptions, allowing individuals to think critically about how genders and stereotypes influence their thoughts and behaviors. Feminist psychology also emphasizes the need to consider intersectionality in collective thinking. Intersectionality refers to how many forms of dominance, such as discrimination, ableism, and homophobia, interact with gender to shape people’s lives. For example, a black woman would endure more

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PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior

How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior Psychological ideas and views have historically affected many disciplines (PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior), including healthcare, education, and business (Adams et al., 2019). Understanding how various schools of psychological thinking influence professional conduct is critical for providing successful, evidence-based services. In this study, we will look at how cognitive psychology, a prominent school of thought in psychology, influences professional conduct in the actual world, notably in the field of nursing. We will look at the important events that determined the formation of cognitive psychology, how other schools of thought influenced it, and how cultural factors formed this school of thinking. Furthermore, we will look at how understanding of cognitive psychology influences professional conduct in nursing, including instances of how it might be utilized in practice. By the end of this paper, we expect to have demonstrated the practical uses of cognitive psychology in molding professional conduct and improving patient care. Previous Assessment:PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions Events Affecting the Development of School Thought The Cognitive Revolution (1950s-1960s) The present period saw a change in psychology from behaviourism to cognitive psychology. It was distinguished by the introduction of novel approaches for researching mental processes, such as computer simulations and information processing models (Mandal, 2021). The Cognitive Revolution established cognitive psychology as a school of thought by emphasizing the significance of researching mental processes in explaining human behavior (Mandal, 2021). Information Processing Theory (1960s-1970s) This idea argued that the human mind is analogous to a computer, and that mental functions including perception, attention, and memory may be understood as information processing (Sayood, 2018). Information processing theory offers a framework for investigating mental processes and comprehending how they affect behavior. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (1960s-present) Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapy technique that incorporates cognitive psychology and behaviorism. It focuses on modifying negative attitudes and actions in order to promote mental health. CBT is extensively used to treat a variety of mental problems and has had a substantial influence on the area of psychology (American Psychological Association, 2017). Neuroscience and Cognitive Psychology (1990s-present) New technologies, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), have enabled researchers to investigate the brain and its involvement in cognitive processes (Loued-Khenissi et al., 2018). This has resulted in a better understanding of how the brain processes information and affected the evolution of cognitive psychology as a discipline. Impact of Other Schools of Thought Behaviorism Before cognitive psychology emerged, behaviorism was the dominant school of thinking in psychology (Bordens & Horowitz, 2018). It prioritized the study of observable behavior above mental processes. The impact of behaviorism may be observed in the early development of cognitive psychology, when researchers sought to assess mental processes using observable behavior. However, cognitive psychology evolved as a response to behaviorism’s limits and inability to completely explain human behavior. Gestalt Psychology Gestalt psychology stressed perception and how people organize and interpret sensory information. This school of thinking affected cognitive psychology by focusing on mental processes including perception and attention (Çeliköz et al., 2019). Gestalt concepts of perception, such as figure-ground and similarity, have been utilized in a variety of industries, including design and marketing. Humanistic Psychology Humanistic psychology stresses subjective experience as well as an individual’s ability to evolve and achieve self-actualization (Seligman, 2019). While humanistic psychology did not directly influence the development of cognitive psychology, it did have an impact on the discipline of counseling and psychotherapy. Cognitive-behavioral therapy, a popular psychotherapy technique that blends cognitive psychology and behaviorism, includes components of humanistic psychology, such as the value of the therapeutic interaction. Evolutionary Psychology Evolutionary psychology stresses the role of evolution in determining human behavior and mental processes (Badcock et al., 2019). This school of thinking influenced cognitive psychology by offering insights into how the human mind developed to process information and solve issues. Evolutionary psychology has also affected the study of social cognition, highlighting the importance of social interaction in influencing cognitive processes. Impact of Other Cultures Western Culture As a nurse who has been personally touched by cognitive psychology, I acknowledge the importance of cultural influences in its development. Individualism and rational thinking are cultural attitudes and ideas that have affected cognitive psychology in the Western world. This emphasis on the individual has been chastised for overlooking the role of social and cultural variables in determining human behavior and thought processes. As a nurse, I understand the significance of cultural aspects in patient care and treatment, and how they might impact their beliefs and behaviors. Eastern Culture At the same time, Eastern cultural traditions have affected the evolution of cognitive psychology. As a nurse, I’ve witnessed the benefits of incorporating mindfulness meditation, a technique that originated in Eastern cultures, into cognitive-behavioral treatment for patients (Hazlett-Stevens et al., 2018). This method stresses present-moment awareness and nonjudgmental acceptance of ideas and feelings, which is consistent with some of the fundamental concepts of cognitive psychology. As healthcare professionals, we may use the diversity of cultural customs to enrich our work and deliver better treatment. Multiculturalism As the academic field of psychology has expanded, there has been a greater acknowledgment of the role of multiculturalism in molding human behavior and mental processes. As a nurse, I understand how important it is to incorporate cultural issues while studying cognition. Researchers investigated how cultural variations in language and mental processes affect cognitive functions such as perception and attention. Recognizing these cultural influences allows us to give better culturally sensitive care and therapy to our patients while also ensuring that their unique experiences and backgrounds are taken into account. Knowledge of Cognitive Psychology and Professional Behavior Understanding Cognitive Processes As a nurse, knowing the cognitive processes that underpin behavior and decision-making may inform my professional conduct in a variety of ways. For example, understanding how cognitive biases might influence clinical judgment can help me become more conscious of my prejudices and aim for impartiality in patient treatment (Narayan, 2019). Furthermore, understanding how

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PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions

Applied Psychology in Professions Applied psychology (PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions) is the application of information and ideas to real-world situations or challenges, such as living, education, industry, or the environment (APA Dictionary of Psychology, n.d.). Counseling psychology is a type of professional psychology that helps individuals manage discomfort, challenges, and issues in order to better their functioning in life. It largely depends on education, training, direction, and conversation to assist those in need throughout difficult and stressful times of distress (Furman & Lepper, 2018). Previous Assessment:BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 4 Research Plan Psychologists have the expertise and understanding to implement culturally appropriate and evidence-based therapies, training, and evaluations. The focus is on the individuals’ abilities, histories, and growth. The importance of job and employment in one’s life, as well as how these experiences influence an individual’s personality. This assessment explains the historical evolution of counseling psychology, examines the societal or cultural demands that prompted its formation, and examines how the history of counseling psychology influences professional actions.   Description of the Historical Development of Counseling Psychology  Counseling psychology (CP) was established as an applied specialty by the American Psychological Association (APA) in 1940. CP was first recognized as a specialty in 1946, and it was reaffirmed in 1998. The development of psychology as a field, the establishment of crucial research publications, and the holding of important conferences over the years have all been significant milestones in the history of CP. The emergence of organizations such as the Society of Counseling Psychology (SCP) and the Council of Counseling Psychology Training Programs (CCPTP) is critical to the growth of CP. Before 2004, SCP was known as Division 17.  John Whiteley, a significant player in CP history, traces its origins back to guidance, mental hygiene, and interventions such as Carl Reger’s person-centered treatment. Division 17 was designated by the American Psychological Association in 1946, and subjects relating to counseling psychology were first included in the Psychology Annual Review. In the 1950s, increased education and the return of World War II soldiers fueled CP’s growth. In 1951, the first major conference on counseling psychology was convened, resulting in the standardization of doctorate training in CP and the formation of the Division 17 Committee on Definition. The Journal of CP, which first appeared in 1954 and has since been published in Annual Reviews of Psychology, has helped CP evolve further. Analysis of Societal or Cultural Needs to Develop Counseling Psychology Counseling Psychology is the most significant psychological intervention for individuals and society as a whole to deal with the problems of distress and the difficulties that come with it. It gives systematic counsel to patients to solve their living or other social difficulties, as well as a platform for academics to conduct evidence-based research (Schmitt, 2017). Counseling Psychology will continue to grow by including social justice action within it. We have made recommendations for counseling psychologists to help us go ahead as social justice advocates. The Society of Counseling Psychologists has continued to investigate how this Psychology specialty has evolved since its beginning in 1940 (Lester et al., 2018). For example, training standards in the 1950s addressed the need for doctoral students to become familiar with social structure and cultural conditions, as well as the broad problems of social networks and organization, cultural conditions, and our culture’s diverse group patterns (Lester et al., 2018). In the 1960s, counseling psychologists recognized the necessity of recognizing the special needs of impoverished populations and advocated for social change. Counseling Psychology’s growth in the 1970s and 1980s was fine-tuned for a professional viewpoint, concentrating on people from varied backgrounds and societal-cultural aspects (DeBlaere et al., 2019).   The rise of cultural and cross-cultural psychology may be ascribed to an increasing realization of the role of culture and cultural diversity in determining human behavior, cognition, and development. The creation of this field of psychology was motivated by society’s need to have a better understanding of cultural diversity and its influence on individuals and communities. Globalization is an appropriate illustration of a societal demand that promotes cultural psychology growth. As communities and economies grow more interconnected, individuals from many cultures and backgrounds contact more regularly, making cross-cultural awareness and competency essential for effective communication and cooperation. Cultural psychology helps people understand and respect cultural differences, which may lead to better interactions and a more peaceful global society. Another societal necessity that drove the creation of cultural psychology was the acknowledgment of cultural bias in psychological research and practice. Historically, most psychological studies and theories have been centered on Western civilizations, which may not fully reflect the experiences and actions of people from other cultures. Cultural psychology addresses this issue by offering a framework for understanding how culture influences human behavior and cognition, as well as encouraging the inclusion of varied viewpoints in psychological research (Lester et al., 2018). Overall, the rise of cultural and cross-cultural psychology may be attributed to modern societies’ increasing variety and the need for a better understanding of cultural differences. Cultural psychology can help to build more effective therapies and policies that respect and appreciate varied cultural traditions and values by investigating how culture impacts behavior and cognitions. Analysis of How History of Counseling Psychology Informs Professional Behaviors Counseling Psychology has a long history of influencing, impacting, and shaping professional behaviors, as well as adding value to these behaviors across all professions. Counseling psychology has a strong focus on social justice and global challenges. However, no model exists to cover the gap in the social justice identity formation and training needs of foreign counseling psychology students (Oh et al., 2017). International students who have encountered many cross-cultural encounters and injustices may have a distinct perspective on their social identity formation. Counseling psychology is founded on the principles of social justice, psychological services, access to the impoverished, and equity. Telepsychology can help in all three areas by meeting the criteria of counseling psychology. However, counseling psychologists lack the necessary skills and expertise to give

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BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 4 Research Plan

BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 4 Research Plan

Research Plan Every healthcare facility needs a research strategy since it assists in identifying the research challenge and statement of aim. Thus, a collaborative and efficient approach can be applied to address the healthcare issue and BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 4 Research Plan. Furthermore, methods can be devised to ensure patient safety. Pressure sores are hospital-acquired diseases that frequently emerge as a result of inactivity. Similarly, older people who spend a long time in the hospital are more likely to get pressure sores. This presentation will present a study proposal to improve tactics for reducing pressure sore development problems in seniors. Also Read:BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 3 Quantitative Research Questions and Methods Research Problem Pressure sores provide an unnecessary healthcare liability for both the patient and the healthcare institution by causing health issues. According to studies, one to three million people get pressure sore-related health concerns each year. Similarly, it is projected that around 60,000 people encounter serious health difficulties due to medical complexity created by pressure sores. Along with health difficulties, pressure sores have caused substantial financial downsides for hospitals as these healthcare institutions have to spend more than 3.6 million dollars yearly on treating pressure sores (Afzali Borojeny et al., 2020). As a result, there is an urgent need to address and resolve the situation.  The research problem helps to comprehend the problem and its possible gaps, therefore it works as part of a plan. The research challenge will guide the study plan by highlighting the necessity of risk management via reputable literature research. Thus, the research statement will examine the instances studied in order to find the best remedies for patients who acquire pressure sores as a result of a lack of mobility. Purpose Statement The purpose statement emphasizes the importance, purpose, and direction of identifying potential solutions to the health condition. Additionally, this research will give insight into pressure sores caused by a lack of mobility following surgery. Various data-gathering methods are used to acquire information. These include extensive, comprehensive, and particular information data-collecting methods. Using these methods, researchers may examine patients and their behavior in terms of pressure sore concerns (Getie et al., 2020). The purpose statement complements the research statement. The relationship between these two assertions contributes to closing the information gap concerning the highlighted health condition, in this example, pressure sores (Afzali Borojeny et al., 2020). Furthermore, diagnosing an underlying medical condition will result in improved treatment that prioritizes the patient’s well-being. In this situation, nurses and other professional healthcare workers will collaborate to address pressure sore health issues.  Research Question The study questions attempt to obtain answers to the following question: How can pressure sores in older individuals be minimized, particularly after surgery, owing to immobility? Currently, there are no care strategies accessible for medical practitioners to monitor sore growth. Furthermore, in the United States, there are no defined guidelines for treating and monitoring the evolution of pressure sores in older individuals (Gertie et al., 2020). As a result, limited hands-on training and understanding among nurses elevates pressure sore health problems, making it a long-term health issue (Dechasa et al., 2021).   Data Collection Methods Researchers might pick from a variety of data-gathering strategies. To protect the safety and health of patients, the most appropriate and precise approaches must be used. Qualitative methods are best suited for data collection.  Qualitative Data Collection Method The first step in qualitative research is determining a study subject and target population. Following that, a study subject is formed. As a result, the researcher will begin by focusing on the specified subject. Potential solutions can assist the researcher in comprehending the issue more effectively when he or she researches and investigates by narrowing down the study material to explore for answers utilizing qualitative methodologies. To identify difficulties and enhance medical procedures, a qualitative technique is used, which involves watching specific behaviors and working towards health care. Furthermore, the qualitative research question selected for this evaluation inquires as to how immobility might contribute to the development of pressure sores in elderly patients following surgery (Getie et al., 2020).  The qualitative research approach is essential for gathering and interpreting data. It will serve as the foundation for understanding the present state of the health condition and gathering relevant information. However, surgery can be challenging at times, and problems might emerge as a result of this intricacy. In addition, post-surgery issues can sometimes cause a variety of side effects. Pressure sores can develop as a result of surgery, leaving the patient in discomfort and anguish (Getie et al., 2020). As a result, adequate care is required both before and after surgery to reduce the risk of problems, such as pressure sores. Qualitative data may be acquired using numerous ways. Also, primary and secondary data-gathering approaches are usually employed by the researchers.  Primary data collection involves gathering information on a specific study subject or issue. This method of data gathering involves researchers collecting data through questionnaires, demonstrations, field studies, and interviews. Most interviews are performed to get quick qualitative raw data. These interviews provide a quick and easy approach to understanding the participants’ behaviors, responses, attitudes, and mental processes. Furthermore, these interviews are divided into three types based on the subject and questions: organized, disorganized, and semi-structured. In disorganized interviews, interviews are performed according to the interviewer’s guidance and hence have a conversational tone, whereas organized interviews are held according to a pre-defined script.  Similarly, surveys and questionnaires are utilized. Frequently, they are detailed interview questions. Finally, observations and focus groups allow the researcher’s team to study individuals over time for a certain activity or behavior. Secondary data, on the other hand, refers to previously obtained information. It adds greatly to comparative studies as the data is easily available and accessible. This sort of data may be found in trustworthy scientific publications or on official websites (Thambinathan & Kinsella, 2021).  This study proposal will focus on the major data gathering approach of conducting patient interviews. Thus, qualitative study will aid in

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BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 3 Quantitative Research Questions and Methods

BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 3 Quantitative Research Questions and Methods

Quantitative Research Questions and Methods The BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 3 Quantitative Research Questions and Methods helps in observing the events or any situation impacting people. It allows researchers to develop research questions that can include numerical values providing accurate data for analysis. Therefore, it is imperative to ask a quantitative question cautiously and select an adequate method to answer it. The quantitative question designed for older adults having problems with pressure sores after post-abdominal surgery in the US will be discussed in the next part. Also Check:BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 2 Qualitative Research Questions and Methods Quantitative Research Question How often do medical healthcare facilities ensure that patient safety precautions are correctly followed to prevent the development of pressure sores in post-abdominal surgery procedures? Based on the research mentioned above question underlined hypothesis can be designed to analyze the issue in a better way; H1 (Alternative hypothesis): Medical healthcare facilities ensure that patient safety precautions are correctly followed to prevent the development of pressure sores in post-abdominal surgery procedure H0 (Null Hypothesis): Medical healthcare facilities do not ensure that patient safety precautions are correctly followed to prevent the development of pressure sores in post-abdominal surgery procedure Example BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 3 Quantitative Research Questions and Methods It combines risk management with risk evaluation results in risk assessment. Risk analysis refers to various techniques and approaches for detecting and assessing possible future occurrences that might influence present circumstances. In contrast, risk assessment refers to drawing assumptions and conclusions from the risk analysis findings. Another most crucial thing management must do is to oversee a group and its members in this process(Archibald et al., 2019). Quantitative Methods and Data Collection Quantitative methods analyze statistical and numerical data. The data collected through this method is measurable. Furthermore, researchers have classified quantitative research into different categories, such as descriptive, correlational, and experimental (Awali et al., 2018). These methods make data collection reliable and error-free (Quantitative Analysis of Pressure Ulcers, n.d.). In quantitative approaches (BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 3 Quantitative Research Questions and Methods), numerical data collected by scientists to address their study concerns is analyzed using statistical tools. A parameter in quantitative research is anything that varies, such as an intervention strategy, medication, climate, etc. Dependent and independent variables are the two different types of variables. In its most basic form, the independent variable is the variable investigators employ to influence their response variable. Correlational: When comparing two data sets, investigators look for relationships between variables. Descriptive BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 3 Quantitative Research Questions and Methods: Researchers try to characterize several variables when studying a certain kind of phenomenon or activity. For instance, researchers could use a descriptive technique to comprehend how climate change affects a plant’s or an animal’s life cycle (McGrath et al., 2018). Experimental: To comprehend the consequences of a variable, investigators will plan an experiment that allows them to manipulate a variety of variables. This may include forming groups of participants. The variable will be presented to the intervention class to examine its impact. Information questions about when the variable is missing are provided by the control group. For instance, in research on online education, the treatment group would get their training electronically, while the positive control might obtain conventional face-to-face tuition. Quasi-experimental or Quasi-comparative Methods: Investigators will try to ascertain the potential impact of a variable (if any) using quasi-experimental or quasi-comparative methods. Several data points (causes) and dependence relationship variables (effects) may be included in these investigations, which makes it more difficult for scientists to determine if A can cause B or whether X, Y, and Z are also at play (Moser & Korstjens, 2018). The correlation method of data collection is significant in checking the relationship between variables. This method can help in understanding the extent of the relationship between different variables, including the healthcare facilities and the development of the pressure sores, in a precise manner through the justification of the hypothesis. The selected methodologies are relevant in analyzing the issue as they have the potential to gather important information from older adults related to the problem of pressure sores after abdominal surgery and the way hospital facility plays their role in addressing the issue adequately.  Quantitative Data Collection Tools or Strategies Some different tools or strategies (BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 3 Quantitative Research Questions and Methods) are used for the collection and analysis of the quantitative data. The quantitative helps understand the issue precisely by dividing variables into dependent and independent variables based on their identified nature. Quantitative data can be tallied or represented numerically. It is often used to research the occasions or degrees of concordance. Moreover, it is gathered using a well-structured questionnaire that includes questions that begin with “how much” or “how often ?”  “The numerical nature of quantitative data makes it both decisive and objective. Additionally, quantitative data is extensively categorized for computational and numerical analysis, providing more opportunities to visualize it using graphs and charts. Probability sampling: A precise sampling technique that uses some kind of randomly chosen and enables scientists to derive a probability conclusion from information gathered randomly from the intended audience. Probability sampling offers scientists the opportunity to get information from individuals in the population they are keen to explore, which is one of its finest features. Person-to-person interviews are a common technique for gathering data. The interviews conducted to gather statistical evidence are more organized, with the researchers asking just the prescribed questions and nothing else (Heath et al., 2018). Surveys/questionnaires: For quantitative or experimental studies, surveys and questionnaires made using online survey programs are essential for gathering data online. The surveys are created in a way that validates the actions and confidence of the responders. Most quantitative surveys often include questionnaires and rating scale items because they make measuring respondents’ attitudes and behaviors easier. Observations: This technique of gathering quantitative data is relatively easy to use and uncomplicated, as the name would imply. By employing approaches like counting the number of

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BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 2 Qualitative Research Questions and Methods

BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 2 Qualitative Research Questions and Methods

Qualitative Research Questions and Methods The very first, and maybe most difficult, phase in BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 2 Qualitative Research Questions and Methods is choosing a study subject and developing a research-based topic from it. Most probably, the researcher will begin with a subject and, as the researcher studies and investigates, narrow it down to a research problem that can be addressed using qualitative techniques. By examining the causes of particular behaviors, qualitative research is also employed in health care to uncover challenges and impediments to practicing improvement. Investigating patients’ choices in anti-hypertensive medications is an excellent example of this. However, Qualitative research question chosen for this assessment is “How to prevent the development of pressure sores among elderly patients due to lack of movement or a particular lying position after abdominal surgery?” The qualitative research method is imperative for data collection as it helps in providing insights into the issue and gathering requisite information. However, during surgery, there is a possibility of multiple complications. Sometimes, the after-effects of the surgery can lead to various side effects. Pressure sores can be named as an after-effect of surgery and can cause the patient, great discomfort (Getie et al., 2020). There is a need for proper care before and after the surgery to decrease the chances of complications such as the development of pressure sores. Other Assessment:BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 1 Research Problem and Purpose Statements Qualitative Methodology There are various methods to identify the problem and find the required solutions. In order to have a precise idea about the problem and situation of the patients, it is imperative to adopt an adequate data collection approach. Previous research (BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 2 Qualitative Research Questions and Methods) has shown that the qualitative method can help gather the required information from the target group allowing the researcher to draw meaningful conclusions (Dechasa et al., 2021). By using several methods of qualitative research study, investigators get information on the key demographic, location, or incident. The most popular kinds of qualitative data methods are listed below. Ethnographic Method: The investigator must integrate into the setting and stay with the group discussion as part of the ethnographic method. This kind of engagement is carried out to comprehend the persons’ cultures, issues, ambitions, and objectives. Researchers do not need to develop any testable hypothesis for this.  Narrative Research Approach: The narrative research approach is used to gather data over an extended period. A coherent tale requires a series of events in BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 2 Qualitative Research Questions and Methods. Also, it begins with a theme and covers several life circumstances, much like a fiction narrative. The story approach may be utilized in business to comprehend the many difficulties the target audience face (Ngozwana, 2018). Phenomenal Approach: The term “phenomenological” refers to the research of phenomena, such as occurrences, circumstances, or emotions. The most excellent way to explain something from several perspectives and contribute to the body of knowledge is to do so. Similarly to that, it emphasizes individual experiences. Grounded Theory: A grounded theory approach offers an explanation, justification, or concept for the occurrence. By gathering and studying evidence regarding phenomena, it seeks to create new hypotheses. Case Study: The case study technique is used over a long period to collect data. It entails having a thorough awareness of a topic, such as an occasion, person, organization, or setting. Historical Approach: The historical method recounts previous occurrences to comprehend current circumstances and anticipate decisions in the future. Based on a speculative notion, it responds to the research queries. Later, this method tested the concept using various resources to identify possible problems (Ngozwana, 2018). A complex healthcare qualitative research question (BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 2 Qualitative Research Questions and Methods) including pressure sores may be investigated using the case study qualitative approach by identifying several components that interact with one another. The scenario being viewed will be actual. It could include a therapeutic decision-making approach in the area of professional nursing. Qualitative Data Collection Strategies There are different strategies used for the collection of qualitative data in BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 2 Qualitative Research Questions and Methods. Primary and secondary data collection techniques are two categories. “Primary Data” refers to information gathered specifically for a particular study issue. A scientist may gather data using the main methods of data collection by getting the subjects’ answers. Surveys, interviews, demonstrations, and field studies are used to gather primary data. Interviews: Most academics use interviews to get qualitative data. These interviews might be used to quickly understand the participants’ behaviors, attitudes, and viewpoints. Interviews were divided into organized, semi-structured, and unorganized categories. Unstructured interviews are conducted according to the interviewer’s ideas, whereas structured interviews are conducted according to a script or set of criteria. Surveys and Questionnaire: These surveys will include a mix of closed- and open-ended inquiries. It is used in business-to-business market research for BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 2 Qualitative Research Questions and Methods to assess various potential replies. Unstructured surveys category will include queries that invite unstructured replies. They are referred to as “subject guides” and are known as guided dialogues. They are primarily appropriate for in-depth interviews (face-to-face, depth telephone interviews) (Thambinathan & Kinsella, 2021). Observations and Focus Groups: By observation, researcher might keep an eye on the participants’ actions, events, or physical traits. This approach applies to sociological, ethnographic, and empirical research. The focused group method involves highly skilled researchers assembling a focus group of 10 to 18 individuals and thoroughly analyzing their comments to capture their opinions and ideas. The study will focus on specific topics relevant to the organization funding the study. Secondary data are those that have already been gathered and are easily accessible from other sources. These secondary data for BHA FPX 4010 Assessment 2 Qualitative Research Questions and Methods are more manageable and less expensive than primary data. Usually, secondary data is gathered via desk-based research. Once the researcher has obtained the secondary data, its validity

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