NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan

Health Promotion Plan

A health promotional plan is a strategic framework in a healthcare setting that encourages individuals’ participation in healthcare activities for better health outcomes. The plan focuses on inspiring and empowering people through communication and awareness to reduce their risk of chronic diseases and morbidities (Gallagher et al., 2021). World Health Organization (WHO) defines a health promotional plan as enabling people to increase control over their health activities. It involved social and environmental interventions in protecting and providing healthcare facilities for community members. The plan aims to create education and awareness through communication and policy frameworks for better health outcomes (WHO, 2023).

In this assessment (NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan) healthcare promotional plan is formulated for the nurses to promote equal healthcare facilities for the people addicted to tobacco and its products, such as cigars, e-cigarettes, hookah, vapes, and pipes. The health promotional plan further highlights the relevance of this issue on the health outcomes of an adolescent suffering from it. Moreover, this assessment will assist in creating SMART healthcare goals to minimize the adverse consequences of this issue. 

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Tabaco Use

World Health Organization (WHO) research indicated that Tabaco use kills half of the addicted people. It further indicated that more than 8 million people die yearly from tobacco use. Following the alarming reciprocation of this healthcare issue, this designed its policy initiative to address the Tabaco epidemic. The organization designed the WHO Framework Convention (NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan) on Tabaco Control (WHO FCTC) to eliminate this bad health condition through education, awareness, and mentoring initiatives. This initiative is articulated in the form of a policy designed to protect the lives of smokers through education and tax imposition for better health outcomes (WHO, 2023). 

Similarly, Healthy People 2030 designed effective initiatives to control and prevent Tabaco usage among community members. The goal of Healthy People 2030 is to protect people’s lives and adverse impacts on their health, such as death and disability due to Tabaco usage. The reports highlighted that around 16 million adults in the United States are involved in active Tabaco usage in the form of smoking, which leads to adverse health impacts.

Healthy People 2030 regarding Tabaco use is to create awareness among adults to improve their well-being and health outcomes (Health.gov, 2023). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) indicated that in the US, the majority of the population is involved in active use of Tabaco in the form of smoking. In the US, around 480,000 people die yearly due to Tabaco usage, and it is one of the leading causes of increased risk of chronic diseases in the country (CDC, 2022).

Underlying Assumptions

The underlying assumption is that awareness programs, increased taxes on tobacco products, and discouragement of tobacco advertisements by healthcare professionals, especially nurses, will help addicted people get rid of smoking. The area of uncertainty is the lack of information and support from the community, family, and healthcare staff for addicted people.

Health Concerns for Adolescent

Cigarette smoking in adults is one of the leading causes of death and disability among US adults aged 18 years old. In the US, every 13the adults out of 100 are involved in active smoking, which increases the country’s death rate and chronic diseases. More specifically, the highest percentage of adult smoking practices is found in African Americans, every 27th out of 100 adults aged 18 (CDC, 2020). The research indicated that the increased advertising of cigarettes (NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan) with engaging content and visualization promotes the attractiveness of smoking among adults. The trends of smoking among peers and the community further enhanced smoking practices among adults (Lee & Lee, 2019). 

American Lungs Association (ALA) highlighted the significant causes of increased Tabaco usage in adults as friends’ encouragement and inspiration. The friend’s encouragement towards smoking to be a trendy activity increased the usage of Tabaco in the adults. Moreover, ALA highlighted that the attractive and innovative marketing tactics of the Tabaco company further increased the percentage of smoking in adults (American Lungs Association, 2023). 

Prevalence of Tobacco Issue 

Active smoking is one of the most common activities in Tabaco usage. The CDC indicated that in the US, 12.5%are actively inviting the US solved in smoking. Passive smoking further causes adverse consequences on the health of adults. Passive smoking includes exposure to secondhand smoke, which directly impacts breathing and heart functioning in the human body. In the US, around 34,000 deaths occur among adults due to passive smoking, with the leading cause of heart failure and lung infection (CDC, 2020).

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) highlighted that smoking leads to adverse health consequences such as cancer, lung infection, weak immune system, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which causes chronic bronchitis. The research highlighted that a person with active smoking has a four times higher risk of chronic diseases such as heart diseases, lung infections, and breathing disorders. Similarly, passive smoking increases the risk of chronic diseases such as lung infection and heart failure by up to 20-30% among adults. Smoking in both forms increases 80% the risk of diseases such as COPD, chronic bronchitis, and heart failure (CDC, 2021). 

Bazargan et al. (2020) performed their research analysis on smoking patterns among adults in the US communities to highlight the factors associated with it. The research analysis highlighted that smoking is higher among African-American adults than among White Americans. The research underlined that factors such as health disparities in terms of equal awareness and assistance increased the percentage of smoking in this community group.

Nguyen et al. (2020) further highlighted discrimination toward African Americans in education and healthcare facilities. The analysis showed that factors such as discrimination, health disparities, low-quality care services, and lack of equal opportunities are the leading causes of active smoking among this community group. Moreover, the researchers emphasized that due to these discriminant and unequal healthcare facilities, the death rates are higher among adults belonging to African-American communities. 

Patient Case 

Jones is a 20-year-old African American boy who lives with his family in Taxes, US. Jones is a college-going boy actively involved in Tabaco usage and uses six to seven cigarettes daily. From the age of 15 years, he has been involved in this habit, and due to active smoking, he is now feeling difficulty breathing and tightness in his chest. In order to get medical advice on his present health condition, he visited the Vila Hospital to see a doctor for guidance. His medical checkup indicated that he is at risk of a weak immune system and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), which causes chronic bronchitis.

The medical facts indicated that if he continues to be involved in active smoking, his lungs might be at risk of high infection and damage. In order to attain better health outcomes, he is under treatment at the hospital for adequate medical care to improve his health outcomes. 

Health Promotional Goals

In order to provide adequate medical assistance to the smoker and guide them about quitting this habit, a health promotional plan is formulated for better health outcomes. The health promotional plan focused on specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, and time-bound healthcare goals to improve the patient’s health in active smoking. I formulated SMART goals for Jones to guide him in his healthcare issues for better health outcomes. These goals aim to improve his awareness and education on the adverse impacts of smoking on his health through better counseling and understanding. These goals will further improve his health.

SMART Goals

I decided with Jones to create a plan for eight weeks to help reduce his smoking habit. 

Goals 

  • For improved education and awareness of Jones, educational sessions at the hospital will be designed for him. He will be advised to join the session for 30 minutes twice a week, and Jones can quit his smoking habit at the end of the session.
  • Jones will start healthy activities like exercise for 30 minutes a day to boost his energy and will use an alternative like flavored chewing gums to reduce cravings.
  • The counseling session for Jones will be organized every week. This counseling session will help improve his daily routine plan, and at the end of the session, Jones will understand the side effects of smoking.
  • Family of Jones will also help him to quit smoking via emotional support and good company.

Specific: The awareness sessions will help to improve Jones’s education and information about the harmful impact of smoking. 

Measurable: Jones will be able to improve his physical and mental health by daily exercise for 30 minutes.

Attainable:  The participation of family will encourage Jones to quit the wrong company, and Jones will attain emotional support

Realistic: Jones will use flavored chewing gums to reduce cravings. At the end of the session, he will be able to quit smoking entirely.

Time Bound: The eight weeks of awareness, support, and counseling sessions will help to reduce Jones’s smoking habit. He will be able to live a healthy and smoke-free life.

Conclusion – NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan

Tabaco usage is evil in society and is destroying many people’s lives. Most adults are actively involved in tobacco usage, such as smoking, which significantly destroys their health and future. The health promotional plan is devised to promote effective communicative, educational, and policy initiatives for them in order to reduce adverse health consequences. The case fact of Jones is discussed in this assessment, who has been addicted to active smoking for the past few years. The SMART goals of education, counseling, healthy activities, and family awareness are proposed to improve his health outcomes. 

References

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan: American Lungs Association (2023). Why kids start smoking. Lung.org. https://www.lung.org/quit-smoking/helping-teens-quit/why-kids-start-smoking 

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan: Bazargan, M., Cobb, S., Castro Sandoval, J., & Assari, S. (2020). Smoking status and well-being of underserved African American older adults. Behavioral Sciences, 10(4), 78. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10040078 

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan: CDC (2022). Health problems caused by secondhand smoke. Cdc.gov. https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/secondhand-smoke/health

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan: CDC. (2022). Current cigarette smoking among adults in the United States. Cdc.gov http://cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/adult_data/cig_smoking 

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020). CDC – fact sheet – current cigarette smoking among adults in the United States – smoking & tobacco use. Cdc.gov https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/adult_data/cig_smoking/index.htm 

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021). CDC – fact sheet – health effects of cigarette smoking – smoking & tobacco use. Cdc.gov. https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/health_effects/effects_cig_smoking/index.htm 

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan: Gallagher, C. A., Keehner, J. R., Hervé-Claude, L. P., & Stephen, C. (2021). Health promotion and harm reduction attributes in one health literature: A scoping review. One Health, 13, 100284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.onehlt.2021.100284 

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan: Health.gov, (2023). Tobacco use – Healthy People 2030. Health.gov. https://health.gov/healthypeople/objectives-and-data/browse-objectives/tobacco-use

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan: Lee, Y., & Lee, K.-S. (2019). Factors related to smoking status among young adults: An analysis of younger and older young adults in Korea. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, 52(2), 92–100. https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.18.201 

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan: Nguyen, F. T., Pierce, J. P., Sakuma, K. L. K., Leas, E. C., McMenamin, S. B., Kealey, S., Benmarhnia, T., Emery, S. L., White, M. M., Fagan, P., & Trinidad, D. R. (2020). Widening disparities in cigarette smoking by race/ethnicity across education levels in the United States. Preventive Medicine, 139, 106220. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2020.106220 

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan: Patten, C. A., Bronars, C. A., Scott, M., Boyer, R., Lando, H., Clark, M. M., Resnicow, K., Decker, P. A., Brockman, T. A., Roland, A., & Hanza, M. (2017). Tobacco use and preferences for wellness programs among health aides and other employees of an Alaska Native Health Corporation in Western Alaska. Preventive Medicine Reports, 6, 228–235. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2017.03.005 WHO (2023). Tobacco. Who. int. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/tobacco.

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