NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources

Community Resources

Community resources for healthcare refer to the agencies and organizations working on providing comprehensive and immediate services related to meeting the needs of the individuals (NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources) of a society. The inhabitants of a community need to be aware of the various community resources that offer assistance regarding palliative care, personal and professional support, and the administration of community-based systems in the region. 

Considering the various community resources in the United States, the Federal Agency of Emergency Management (FEMA) is one such organization determined to establish a resilient and robust community addressing the concerns of natural disasters in the region. FEMA is designed to work on uniting communities and introduce mitigative initiatives concerning natural hazards such as earthquakes, tropical storms, and floods (FEMA, 2021). The orientation of this organization is to ensure community-based collaboration to overcome the fatalities of catastrophic occurrences in the region. 

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NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan

Organizational Overview

Established in 1979 by Jimmy Carter, FEMA ought to be a significant part of the Homeland Security Department of the United States, operated by the executive branch of administration. The primary role of FEMA is to ensure the community’s preparedness against hazards and coordinate the part of the government in directing the inhabitants for the collective efforts to mitigate catastrophic conditions.

FEMA works in collaboration with the National Program for Flood Insurance, which ensures that inhabitants cannot own properties in areas on the verge of being affected by floods. FEMA has affiliations with other such institutions of non-profit and charitable nature that provide services to individuals on the concerns of naturally occurring catastrophes and their protection (FEMA, 2023). According to the Strategic Plan revealed by FEMA for 2022 to 2026, the following main goals are observed. 

  • To prepare the nation against emergencies and ensure the role of federal agencies in assessing the vulnerable areas to initiate emergency management plans
  • To encourage a climate-resilient and prepared community against natural calamities
  • To promote equity through emergency management plans (FEMA, 2021). 

The mission of FEMA is to provide support to the community individuals and volunteers to align and make collective efforts in ensuring prompt response, protection, and mitigation concerning all types of hazards to the community. Regarding health and safety concerns, FEMA works explicitly to support healthcare personnel and patients (FEMA, 2021). According to the information from the official resources of FEMA, the organization collaborates with the Human Health Services Commission (HHSC) to ensure the availability and supply of clinical equipment ad medicinal supplies in areas of emergency.

Moreover, it is working on efficient screening measures across the country and collaborates with the regional administration to track the availability of equipment and resources for testing processes. In addition, FEMA is also working on establishing additional care spaces to allow more healthcare facilities other than local hospitals (FEMA, 2022). Further, concerning safety measures, FEMA has the “Safe Rooms” objective that provides funding for tribal areas and regional territories prone to disaster adversities. For further mitigation, it allocates subgrants to the local governments, ensuring minimized risks to people and assets (Wei et al., 2020).  

Equal Opportunities and Quality of Life promoted by FEMA

According to the Strategic Plan of FEMA for 2022 to 2026, the organization’s primary mandate is to ensure quality of life. This is planned to be done by reducing the rate of mortalities and loss of life due to natural hazards, terrorist activities, and other humanitarian activities. It also addresses the social concerns of the inhabitants that act as a barrier to the seamlessness of the community’s social fabric.

In terms of working for the rights and entitlements of individuals being a part of the community, FEMA promotes a non-discriminative and just society. A department named the Equal Rights Office has been established by FEMA that is responsible for ensuring liberties of civil equality and non-discrimination regarding the execution of the different agendas that FEMA works on. The Equal Rights Office by FEMA observes the core values of integrity, justice, compassion, and respect to support the equality and inclusion of a diverse community (Gershon et al., (2021).

Under the Office of Equal Rights, the obligation of the federal civil rights laws and Equal Employment Opportunities (EEO) and reasonability of accommodation for inhabitants are ensured. Furthermore, FEMA has devised multiple programs and awareness-based initiatives to guide individuals about various social concerns such as social justice, health, and safety to improve their quality of life (FEMA, 2021).

FEMA observes a Framework for Natural Disasters Recovery that aims to reduce the damage to the environment and encourages community resilience programs. These programs mainly improve the quality of life by providing social and economic opportunities such as water and food supply ecosystem services, agricultural support, and recreation (FEMA, 2021). These policies and departments devised for community wellness are likely to ensure social justice practices by improving the community residents’ employment opportunities and affordability factors. 

Funding Sources and Policy Compliance of FEMA

FEMA ensures its legal identity and compliance with authoritative policies to add value to its agendas and goals for the community. Regarding policy compliance, FEMA has been observing the Stafford Act 1988, which is based on providing disaster relief services and assistance in emergency management (Perls, 2020). Since the Stafford Act primarily assists in critical hazardous conditions, FEMA also affiliates with other legislative frameworks, such as the Code of Federal Regulations and the 1803 Congressional Act (Van-Doren, 2022). 

The Act of Disaster Mitigation 2000 has amended the Stafford act, and specific laws are observed following the amendment addressing the various agendas of FEMA. For instance, the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 and the Act of Water Infrastructure Improvements for the Nation (WIIN) are the revised reforms FEMA is working on (Carter & Boyd, 2019). Concerning the mechanism and funding sources, FEMA has a subsidy department named the Disaster Relief Fund (DRF). The department is responsible for managing, monitoring, and funding the disaster initiatives of FEMA and allocating funds and resources to the agency regarding the devised programs (Painter, 2019). 

Impact of Funding

Funding from the DRF has a significant impact on the working of FEMA as it provides monetary support to the refurbishment and repair process of public property affected by the onset of a disastrous event. Moreover, the collaboration of DRF enables FEMA to support the federal governments in working closely with the local administrations of tribal areas, local regions, and territories to ensure access to emergency-resolving resources. DRF gives financial strength to protect patient health, fire management through grants, financial support to survivors of hazards, and restoration of assets after adversity (Department of Homeland Security, 2023).  

Impact on Health and Safety Needs of Community 

The structure and working of FEMA have been proficient in meeting the needs of individuals based on their personal, professional, and social concerns while inhabiting the community. However, there may be both positive and negative impacts of the initiatives run by FEMA in collective efforts against the occurrence of natural calamities and disasters.

The programs of community resilience and objectives in the best interests of addressing the current and potential threats to the communities by FEMA have worked differently for the citizens (Lamba & Santiago, 2022). FEMA has significantly worked on introducing strategies and lines of action to minimize these threats and enable the inhabitants to overthrow the adversity. Several programs by FEMA, such as education and evidence-learning programs working on the principles of ethics, accountability, and rigor, have also helped the citizens deal with the calamities (FEMA, 2021). 

Moreover, aid programs such as those regarding funerals and shelters have played a positive role in facilitating the inhabitants financially (Entress et al., 2022). FEMA runs a “Disaster Unemployment Assistance” project to assist the inhabitants with pursuing livelihood after losing jobs in times of disaster. By assisting in finding new jobs, the project by FEMA plays an integral role in opening pathways for the economic revitalization of the citizens. The organization’s success stories depict the innovative approach of FEMA in effectively responding to more than 13000 disasters and hazardous emergencies in the region to date (FEMA, 2021).

Regarding disaster recovery, FEMA ensures equality and equity in the support provided to affected individuals by adhering to the principles of social justice, inclusion, and benefits for the diverse society. Under the current administration of Joe Biden, FEMA has devised an “Equity Action Plan” that works on eradicating racial discrimination and providing equal opportunities of administrative support to deserving communities regardless of racial or indigenous identities. Though the organization comes with adequate initiatives committing to equal opportunities for the diverse community, various reports infer the need for more strategies for FEMA to ensure health equity.

It is evaluated from the conditions post-flood in the coastal areas of the US that the extent of support is inadequate and inequitable for the Black community resulting in displacements and asset loss after the advent of the flood (Tyler et al., 2020). 

Collaboration of Nurses with FEMA

To support FEMA’s objectives of managing and recovering from the adversities of disasters, nurses can play a fundamental role. Nurses can, for instance, work with their local hospitals’ administration and emergency response departments to contribute to devising plans for responding to disasters and emergencies. Nurses also collaborate with FEMA as volunteers to provide emergency aid to the affected individuals or survivors of disaster. Further, the registered nurses can work as trainers at the FEMA platforms to orient the action plan to address emergency incidents and allocate the available community resources for the response plans (Adelman et al., 2019). 

Conclusion – NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources

FEMA is among the federal agencies of the United States that are considered the most recognized and efficient in ensuring the well-being and need-based facilitation of the community. The organization’s vision is to assist before, during, and after a disaster incurring the community to prepare, bear, and overcome the calamities respectively. As an active community resource, FEMA complies with policy directives and credible funding resources to help people with their social and personal concerns. FEMA makes sure to adhere to the principles of inclusion, equal treatment, and productivity of the community’s individuals. 

FEMA is among the federal agencies of the United States that are considered the most recognized and efficient in ensuring the well-being and need-based facilitation of the community. The organization’s vision is to assist before, during, and after a disaster incurring the community to prepare, bear, and overcome the calamities respectively. As an active community resource, FEMA complies with policy directives and credible funding resources to help people with their social and personal concerns. FEMA makes sure to adhere to the principles of inclusion, equal treatment, and productivity of the community’s individuals. 

References

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources: Adelman, D. S., Fant, C., Wood, L., & Zak, C. (2019). Disasters. The nurse practitioner, 44(10), 50–55. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.npr.0000580788.51732.59  

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources: Carter, N., & Boyd, E. (2019). Flood resilience and risk reduction: Federal assistance and programs specialist in natural resources policy Diane P. Horn analyst in flood insurance and emergency management. Everycrsreport.com. https://www.everycrsreport.com/files/20191217_R45017_9fcecc695cdbda972d8d145f0e85b050844ab341.pdf 

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources: Department of Homeland Security. (2023). Fiscal year 2023 report to Congress Federal Emergency Management Agency. Fema.gov. https://www.fema.gov/sites/default/files/documents/fema_disaster-relief-fund-report_022023.pdf

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources: Entress, R. M., Tyler, J., & Sadiq, A. (2022). Inequity after death: Exploring the equitable utilization of FEMA ‘s COVID ‐19 funeral assistance funds. Public Administration Review. https://doi.org/10.1111/puar.13572 

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources: FEMA. (2021a). FEMA strategic plan building the FEMA our nation needs and deserves. Fema.gov. https://www.fema.gov/sites/default/files/documents/fema_2022-2026-strategic-plan.pdf 

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources: FEMA. (2021). About us. Fema.gov. https://www.fema.gov/about 

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources: FEMA. (2022). Supporting patients & healthcare workers. FEMA.gov. https://www.fema.gov/disaster/coronavirus/patients-healthcare 

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources: FEMA. (2023, December 21). Hazard mitigation planning. Fema.gov. www.fema.gov website: https://www.fema.go v/emergency-managers/risk-management/hazard-mitigation-planning

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources: Gershon, R. R., Muska, M. A., Zhi, Q., & Kraus, L. E. (2021). Are local offices of emergency management prepared for people with disabilities? Results from the FEMA region 9 survey. Journal of Emergency Management, 19(1), 7–20. https://doi.org/10.5055/jem.0506 

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources: Lamba, N. D., & Santiago, R. B. (2022). Who gets emergency housing relief? An analysis of FEMA individual assistance data after hurricane María. Housing Policy Debate, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1080/10511482.2022.2055612 

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources: Painter, W. (2019). The disaster relief fund: Overview and issues. Everycrsreport.com. https://www.everycrsreport.com/files/20200416_R45484_ec8ad792a9ace7a6324bf395ce72ff4c70c0d8a5.pdf 

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources: Perls, H. (2020). U.S. disaster displacement in the era of climate change: Discrimination & consultation under the Stafford Act. Harv. Envtl. L. Rev., 44, 511. https://heinonline.org/hol-cgi-bin/get_pdf.cgi?handle=hein.journals/helr44&section=16 

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources: Tyler, J., Entress, R. M., Sun, P., Noonan, D., & Sadiq, A. (2023). Is flood mitigation funding distributed equitably? Evidence from coastal states in the Southeastern United States. Journal of Flood Risk Management. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfr3.12886 

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources: Van-Doren, P. M. (2022). The National Flood Insurance Program: Solving Congress’s Samaritan’s dilemma. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4061079 Wei, Y., Jin, L., Xu, M., Pan, S., Xu, Y., & Zhang, Y. (2020). Instructions for planning emergency shelters and open spaces in China: Lessons from global experiences and expertise. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 51, 101813. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101813

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