PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 1 Ego Psychology and Schizophrenia

Ego Psychology and Schizophrenia

The notion of the structure of personality (PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 1 Ego Psychology and Schizophrenia), the id, ego, and super-ego model, developed by Sigmund Freud, is the foundation of ego psychology (Hooley et al., 2019). The id, which is essentially our innate desires, first emerges throughout infancy. Next, usually during the first several months of life, is the formation of the ego. The ego serves as a barrier between the id and society norms. Everybody has fundamental urges, or id drives, both positive and negative. These impulses are controlled by the ego, which makes sure they are either not acted upon at all or are acted upon at the proper moment, location, or circumstance.

Ego was elevated to the forefront of psychopathology by Anna Freud and a number of other significant second-generation psychodynamic theorists, who concentrated on the ego-defense mechanisms and what happens when they malfunctioned (Hooley et al., 2019).  Ego psychology is the term used to describe this psychodynamic viewpoint.

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Ego Psychology’s Perspective on Behavior in General

Ego psychology sees behavior as innate urges that need to be controlled by ego because ego acts as a go-between, or intermediate, bridging the gap between id and external expectations. All of us have innate tendencies that our id seeks to express, like narcissism, wrath, desire, and aggression. The role of the ego is to protect itself; it must conquer the id and outside stimuli.

Ego psychology examines behavior as a whole, including whether a person uses reason to solve problems or if they have a concept of good and evil. Someone in a restaurant who finished their water and is still thirsty is an explicit example of ego (Fagan, 2020). The person’s ego controls their instinct to grab for the closest full glass of water and take a sip, forcing them to wait until a waiter refills their glass.

The Way That Schizophrenia Is Caused by Ego Psychology

The symptoms of schizophrenia, a severe and debilitating mental illness, include hallucinations, incoherent speech, catatonic behavior, and delusions. At its most basic level, ego psychology explains schizophrenia as the result of disruptions in the ego border, which is the point at which the ego and the outside world merge (Gipps, 2020).

The ego barrier senses everything happening both inside of ourselves and in the external environment, much like a sensory organ. Ego barrier views an idea as existing inside us and an external reality as existing outside of us. We are unable to distinguish between something that is inside of us and something that is outside of us due to the breakdown of the ego boundary .

Contrasting and Comparing the sociocultural and ego psychology perspective

As mentioned above, a disruption in the ego border is the etiology of schizophrenia according to the perspective of ego psychology (Gipps, 2020). This and the sociocultural perspective are similar in that they both see schizophrenia as a mental illness.

Their differences lie on how they regard treatment. From the perspective of ego psychology, somatic psychotherapy, dialogical psychotherapy, family therapy, or psychoanalytic therapy are possible approaches to treating schizophrenia. From a sociocultural perspective, antipsychotic drugs and, in certain situations, inpatient care are part of the therapy for schizophrenia. 

Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Several Theories to Define Abnormal Behavior

There are advantages and disadvantages to applying various theories to the same aberrant behavior, even while there may be several theories that can be used to characterize and treat a particular abnormal behavior.

The complexity of the human mind frequently include many components, both internal and external, that might impact abnormal behavior. For this reason, adopting several theories to characterize abnormal behavior has several advantages. A psychoanalyst employing a single theory may allow it to become a belief system that affects how they perceive the patient and the data because a single theory does not take into account all of these elements.Attempting to characterize an abnormal behavior by applying various theories has drawbacks as well(Bringmann et al., 2022).The primary disadvantage would be the disparity in knowledge regarding the fundamental reason for the aberrant behavior. Where there are drastically divergent conceptual understandings, it is extremely difficult to develop an integrative structure.

Conclusion – PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 1 Ego Psychology and Schizophrenia

The id and superego must also be taken into account when attempting to comprehend any anomalous behavior, even though ego psychology primarily focuses on the ego. Furthermore, outside influences like upbringing and surroundings need to be taken into account. Ego psychology is just one technique that psychoanalysts use in their toolbox when attempting to comprehend or treat schizophrenia. In addition to understanding and addressing the deteriorating ego border, behavioral therapies, social skills development, and active case management may be used(Tunç, 2019).

Comprehending the sociocultural perspective on schizophrenia might aid the psychoanalyst, who focuses on the decreased ego, in comprehending and developing empathy for the individual suffering from the condition. There are other circumstances in which it may be advantageous to take into account several theories when defining schizophrenia.

References

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 1 Ego Psychology and Schizophrenia: Bringmann, L. F., Albers, C., Bockting, C., Borsboom, D., Ceulemans, E., Cramer, A., Epskamp, S., Eronen, M. I., Hamaker, E., Kuppens, P., Lutz, W., McNally, R. J., Molenaar, P., Tio, P., Voelkle, M. C., & Wichers, M. (2022). Psychopathological networks: Theory, methods and practice. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 149, 104011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2021.104011

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 1 Ego Psychology and Schizophrenia: Fagan, J. (2020). “To study the self is to forget the self”: Zen lessons on ego and leadership in higher education. Libraries. https://commons.lib.jmu.edu/letfspubs/186/

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 1 Ego Psychology and Schizophrenia: Tunç, P. (2019). Psychodynamic Formulation in Borderline Personality Disorder: Case Study. Journal of Psychiatric Nursing. https://doi.org/10.14744/phd.2019.36002

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 1 Ego Psychology and Schizophrenia: Eagle, M. N. (2020). Toward an integrated psychoanalytic theory: Foundation in a revitalized ego psychology. Clinical Social Work Journal, 48(3), 257–266. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10615-020-00768-7 (Eagle, 2020)

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 1 Ego Psychology and Schizophrenia: Gipps, R. G. T. (2020). Disturbance of ego-boundary enaction in Schizophrenia. Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology, 27(1), 91–106. https://doi.org/10.1353/ppp.2020.0013 (Gipps, 2020)

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 1 Ego Psychology and Schizophrenia: Hooley, J. M., Nock, M. K., & Butcher, J. N. (2019). Abnormal Psychology (18th Edition). Pearson Education (US). https://capella.vitalsource.com/books/9780135191033 (Hooley etal., 2019)

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