PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 2 Operant Extinction

Operant Extinction

When first put into effect, operational extinction (PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 2 Operant Extinction) can be deceiving. There are various major components, however it is not the ideal approach for reducing harmful behavior. As a Registered Behavior Technician, I put this into effect whenever the software requests an extinction approach. Since I began using it more, I have witnessed personally how successful it can be, as well as how severely it can fail just as easily.

Also Read:
PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 1 Exploring a Career in Applied Behavior Analysis

According to Principles of Behavior, 7th edition (2016, Malott & Shane), employing extinction as a strategy in Applied Behavior Analysis reduces problematic behavior by interrupting the reinforcement that sustains it. I’ve personally seen this strategy employed for maladaptive habits that operate as tangible or attentional. I’ll go over an example of attention-seeking behavior, as well as when extinction is employed to satisfy a need for something concrete.

Harry (name altered for privacy) is a six-year-old who has been undergoing behavior treatment for approximately two years. Harry is the eldest of two siblings, with the younger brother being diagnosed with ASD. Since their diagnosis, both children have received treatment at home and school. There was a four-month break in treatment, during which neither kid received therapy, and the milieu at home altered since their mother was homeschooling.

Once treatment resumed at home, we saw behavior characterized by attention-seeking, primarily from a parent. The Analyst (PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 2 Operant Extinction) on the case determined that it was better to use the extinction strategy to address this habit. When Harry noticed the other parent spending time with the other sibling, he would start climbing the sofa and grabbing the barrier on the wall.

It was a possible safety risk since the customer may fall and injure himself. Still, we discovered that when the parent saw Harry doing this, Harry would giggle, and because he saw, the parent would approach him and “pull him down,” reinforcing the unpleasant behavior. With this specific scenario, the RBT discovered that the parent was inadvertently using positive reinforcement, which increased the undesirable and potentially harmful behavior. 

We also discovered that Harry was once again utilizing this climbing habit to distract his sibling from the parent, as he would invite his sibling to climb alongside him. The therapist saw that even if the parent ignored the conduct, the sibling was encouraging it by responding to Harry’s request. In addition to instructing the parent on how to employ extinction, we had to involve the sibling in the process. 

When we were told to employ the extinction strategy like PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 2 Operant Extinction, we recognized we needed to replace the habit first. Because this was an attention-seeking function, we asked parents to be available at a specified time to offer Harry attention when it was desired. When the therapist noticed that Harry was getting attention from the parents, we had the client seek a break outdoors for swing time. That became the alternative to redirecting the conduct. Without extinction, we began taking regular pauses in which the parent would swing both siblings and play with them on the playground for approximately 10 minutes.

Once the client requested this on his own, we began the extinction process with the climbing behavior (PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 2 Operant Extinction) he was demonstrating for attention. The parent was told to ignore the climbing. Typically, the parent would yell at Harry to get down or physically pull him down. We urged the parents and other family members to absolutely ignore the client and not address him at all. Instead, we asked them to walk outside to the playground.

We assumed that because the sibling would follow the parent, the client would do the same. The client would get down from the sofa and ask parents whether they may go outside to swing. Once the client had appropriately demanded attention, the parent encouraged the client.

We also helped Harry learn how to ask for food using the extinction approach. Harry would yell and use verbal aggressiveness prior to the extinction process. To persuade him to stop, the parents would provide him with odd foods. Harry would not be hungry for supper because he had been munching all day. We discovered that the bad conduct was connected to his hunger since he did it at specified times.

The analyst ensured that we followed a visual timetable and included when breakfast, lunch, and supper would be provided. We also designed a timer-based strategy, which showed the client how much time he had to finish his meal before it was withdrawn. Once this process began, we were able to implement the extinction of the undesired behavior of screaming. We used the visual timetable in PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 2 Operant Extinction to remind the client when food was arriving, and snacks were no longer used to promote the yelling behavior.

The examples offered demonstrate that employing extinction to reduce harmful behavior may be beneficial. When we implemented extinction, we saw an extinction explosion in both situations. When Harry could not catch the parents’ attention while climbing, he began dashing onto the sofa and yelling, “Look, I’m falling!” to receive the normal reward from the parents. If he was crying for a portion of food and extinction had just been introduced, he would pound his hands on a nearby table or wall. We also heard that the grandparents were rewarding this behavior by having Harry sleep at their house on weekends because they wanted the shouting to cease.

Extinction is a wonderful approach to apply when all parties are working cooperatively. It is also a tough method to impose on the client’s caretakers. As an analyst, you must analyze all factors to ensure that you are selecting an approach that will work for the client and the family members involved, resulting in consistent outcomes.

References – PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 2 Operant Extinction

PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 2 Operant Extinction: Lerman, Dorothea (2019). “Developing a technology for the use of operant extinction in clinical settings: An examination of basic and applied research”.Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, p. 345. Malott, R. W., & Shane, J. T. (2019).Principles of Behavior, 7edition. Routledge. P.th100-119

PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 2 Operant Extinction: Trask, S., & Bouton, M. E. (2016). Discriminative properties of the reinforcer can be used to attenuate the renewal of extinguished operant behavior.Learning &Behavior, 44 (2), 151-161. doi:http://dx.doi.org.library.capella.edu/10.3758/s13420-015-0195-9

PSYC FPX 4001 Assessment 2 Operant Extinction: Ramnero, Jonas, and Niklas Torneke. The ABCs of Human Behavior: Behavioral Principles for the Practicing Clinician, Context Press, 2011.ProQuest Ebook Central,

https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.library.capella.edu/lib/capella/detail.action

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Please Fill The Following to Resume Reading

    Please Enter Active Contact Information For OTP

    Verification is necessary to avoid bots.
    Please Fill The Following to Resume Reading

      Please Enter Active Contact Information For OTP

      Verification is necessary to avoid bots.
      Scroll to Top
      × How can I help you?