PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions

Applied Psychology in Professions

Applied psychology (PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions) is the application of information and ideas to real-world situations or challenges, such as living, education, industry, or the environment (APA Dictionary of Psychology, n.d.). Counseling psychology is a type of professional psychology that helps individuals manage discomfort, challenges, and issues in order to better their functioning in life. It largely depends on education, training, direction, and conversation to assist those in need throughout difficult and stressful times of distress (Furman & Lepper, 2018).

Previous Assessment:
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Psychologists have the expertise and understanding to implement culturally appropriate and evidence-based therapies, training, and evaluations. The focus is on the individuals’ abilities, histories, and growth. The importance of job and employment in one’s life, as well as how these experiences influence an individual’s personality. This assessment explains the historical evolution of counseling psychology, examines the societal or cultural demands that prompted its formation, and examines how the history of counseling psychology influences professional actions.  

Description of the Historical Development of Counseling Psychology 

Counseling psychology (CP) was established as an applied specialty by the American Psychological Association (APA) in 1940. CP was first recognized as a specialty in 1946, and it was reaffirmed in 1998. The development of psychology as a field, the establishment of crucial research publications, and the holding of important conferences over the years have all been significant milestones in the history of CP.

The emergence of organizations such as the Society of Counseling Psychology (SCP) and the Council of Counseling Psychology Training Programs (CCPTP) is critical to the growth of CP. Before 2004, SCP was known as Division 17. 

John Whiteley, a significant player in CP history, traces its origins back to guidance, mental hygiene, and interventions such as Carl Reger’s person-centered treatment.

Division 17 was designated by the American Psychological Association in 1946, and subjects relating to counseling psychology were first included in the Psychology Annual Review. In the 1950s, increased education and the return of World War II soldiers fueled CP’s growth.

In 1951, the first major conference on counseling psychology was convened, resulting in the standardization of doctorate training in CP and the formation of the Division 17 Committee on Definition. The Journal of CP, which first appeared in 1954 and has since been published in Annual Reviews of Psychology, has helped CP evolve further.

Analysis of Societal or Cultural Needs to Develop Counseling Psychology

Counseling Psychology is the most significant psychological intervention for individuals and society as a whole to deal with the problems of distress and the difficulties that come with it. It gives systematic counsel to patients to solve their living or other social difficulties, as well as a platform for academics to conduct evidence-based research (Schmitt, 2017).

Counseling Psychology will continue to grow by including social justice action within it. We have made recommendations for counseling psychologists to help us go ahead as social justice advocates. The Society of Counseling Psychologists has continued to investigate how this Psychology specialty has evolved since its beginning in 1940 (Lester et al., 2018). For example, training standards in the 1950s addressed the need for doctoral students to become familiar with social structure and cultural conditions, as well as the broad problems of social networks and organization, cultural conditions, and our culture’s diverse group patterns (Lester et al., 2018).

In the 1960s, counseling psychologists recognized the necessity of recognizing the special needs of impoverished populations and advocated for social change. Counseling Psychology’s growth in the 1970s and 1980s was fine-tuned for a professional viewpoint, concentrating on people from varied backgrounds and societal-cultural aspects (DeBlaere et al., 2019).  

The rise of cultural and cross-cultural psychology may be ascribed to an increasing realization of the role of culture and cultural diversity in determining human behavior, cognition, and development. The creation of this field of psychology was motivated by society’s need to have a better understanding of cultural diversity and its influence on individuals and communities.

Globalization is an appropriate illustration of a societal demand that promotes cultural psychology growth. As communities and economies grow more interconnected, individuals from many cultures and backgrounds contact more regularly, making cross-cultural awareness and competency essential for effective communication and cooperation. Cultural psychology helps people understand and respect cultural differences, which may lead to better interactions and a more peaceful global society.

Another societal necessity that drove the creation of cultural psychology was the acknowledgment of cultural bias in psychological research and practice. Historically, most psychological studies and theories have been centered on Western civilizations, which may not fully reflect the experiences and actions of people from other cultures. Cultural psychology addresses this issue by offering a framework for understanding how culture influences human behavior and cognition, as well as encouraging the inclusion of varied viewpoints in psychological research (Lester et al., 2018).

Overall, the rise of cultural and cross-cultural psychology may be attributed to modern societies’ increasing variety and the need for a better understanding of cultural differences. Cultural psychology can help to build more effective therapies and policies that respect and appreciate varied cultural traditions and values by investigating how culture impacts behavior and cognitions.

Analysis of How History of Counseling Psychology Informs Professional Behaviors

Counseling Psychology has a long history of influencing, impacting, and shaping professional behaviors, as well as adding value to these behaviors across all professions. Counseling psychology has a strong focus on social justice and global challenges. However, no model exists to cover the gap in the social justice identity formation and training needs of foreign counseling psychology students (Oh et al., 2017).

International students who have encountered many cross-cultural encounters and injustices may have a distinct perspective on their social identity formation. Counseling psychology is founded on the principles of social justice, psychological services, access to the impoverished, and equity. Telepsychology can help in all three areas by meeting the criteria of counseling psychology. However, counseling psychologists lack the necessary skills and expertise to give effective patient advice via telepsychology (Cooper et al., 2019). 

Furthermore, the emphasis on human development in counseling psychology, which evolved in the 1980s and 1990s, influenced professional conduct by pushing counselors to adopt a comprehensive approach to their clients’ well-being. This entails taking into account clients’ personal, social, and cultural backgrounds in order to deliver effective and culturally appropriate therapy.

Overall, the history of counseling psychology has influenced professional conduct by creating ethical principles, advocating certification and high standards, and pushing a holistic approach to client well-being. These principles continue to influence counselors’ professional conduct today (Oh et al. 2017).

Conclusion – PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions

Counseling Psychology is a subfield of psychology that assists patients in better managing their mental health using tactics such as education, advice, training, and examinations. The American Psychological Association (APA) has formed Division 17, which formally recognizes the field of counseling psychology. CP is the most effective psychological intervention for helping people manage their sadness and despair. The influence of society and cultural norms is visible in the evolution of counseling psychology. The primary pillars of counseling psychology are social justice, access to the impoverished, and equity. Telepsychology may provide psychologists with the necessary skill set, and specialized training can help psychologists better meet their professional counseling psychology obligations.


PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions: APA Counselling Psychology. (2020). 

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions: APA Dictionary of Psychology. (n.d.). 

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions: Cooper, S. E., Campbell, L. F., & Smucker Barnwell, S. (2019). Telepsychology: A primer for counseling psychologists. The Counseling Psychologist, 47(8), 1074–1114. 

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions: DeBlaere, C., Singh, A. A., Wilcox, M. M., Cokley, K. O., Delgado-Romero, E. A., Scalise, D. A., & Shawahin, L. (2019). Social justice in counseling psychology: Then, now, and looking forward. The Counseling Psychologist, 47(6), 938–962. 

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions: Furman, T. M., & Lepper, T. L. (2018). Applied behavior analysis: Definitional difficulties. The Psychological Record, 68(1), 103–106. 

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions: History of Counseling Psychology – IResearchNet. (n.d.). Psychology.

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions: Hui-Spears, K., & Park-Saltzman, J. (2022). Social justice identity development for international counseling psychology students. The Counseling Psychologist, 001100002210994. 

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions: Lester, J. N., Wong, Y. J., O’Reilly, M., & Kiyimba, N. (2018). Discursive Psychology: Implications for counseling psychology. The Counseling Psychologist, 46(5), 576–607. 

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions: Oh, J., Stewart, A. E., & Phelps, R. E. (2017). Topics in the journal of counseling psychology, 1963-2015. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 64(6), 604–615. Schmitt, N. (2017).

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions: Reflections on the Journal of Applied Psychology for 1989 to 1994: Changes in major research themes and practices over 25 years. Journal of Applied Psychology, 102(3), 564–568.

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