PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior

How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior

Psychological ideas and views have historically affected many disciplines (PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior), including healthcare, education, and business (Adams et al., 2019). Understanding how various schools of psychological thinking influence professional conduct is critical for providing successful, evidence-based services. In this study, we will look at how cognitive psychology, a prominent school of thought in psychology, influences professional conduct in the actual world, notably in the field of nursing.

We will look at the important events that determined the formation of cognitive psychology, how other schools of thought influenced it, and how cultural factors formed this school of thinking. Furthermore, we will look at how understanding of cognitive psychology influences professional conduct in nursing, including instances of how it might be utilized in practice. By the end of this paper, we expect to have demonstrated the practical uses of cognitive psychology in molding professional conduct and improving patient care.

Previous Assessment:
PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 2 Applied Psychology in Professions

Events Affecting the Development of School Thought

The Cognitive Revolution (1950s-1960s)

The present period saw a change in psychology from behaviourism to cognitive psychology. It was distinguished by the introduction of novel approaches for researching mental processes, such as computer simulations and information processing models (Mandal, 2021). The Cognitive Revolution established cognitive psychology as a school of thought by emphasizing the significance of researching mental processes in explaining human behavior (Mandal, 2021).

Information Processing Theory (1960s-1970s)

This idea argued that the human mind is analogous to a computer, and that mental functions including perception, attention, and memory may be understood as information processing (Sayood, 2018). Information processing theory offers a framework for investigating mental processes and comprehending how they affect behavior.

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (1960s-present)

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapy technique that incorporates cognitive psychology and behaviorism. It focuses on modifying negative attitudes and actions in order to promote mental health. CBT is extensively used to treat a variety of mental problems and has had a substantial influence on the area of psychology (American Psychological Association, 2017).

Neuroscience and Cognitive Psychology (1990s-present)

New technologies, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), have enabled researchers to investigate the brain and its involvement in cognitive processes (Loued-Khenissi et al., 2018). This has resulted in a better understanding of how the brain processes information and affected the evolution of cognitive psychology as a discipline.

Impact of Other Schools of Thought

Behaviorism

Before cognitive psychology emerged, behaviorism was the dominant school of thinking in psychology (Bordens & Horowitz, 2018). It prioritized the study of observable behavior above mental processes. The impact of behaviorism may be observed in the early development of cognitive psychology, when researchers sought to assess mental processes using observable behavior. However, cognitive psychology evolved as a response to behaviorism’s limits and inability to completely explain human behavior.

Gestalt Psychology

Gestalt psychology stressed perception and how people organize and interpret sensory information. This school of thinking affected cognitive psychology by focusing on mental processes including perception and attention (Çeliköz et al., 2019). Gestalt concepts of perception, such as figure-ground and similarity, have been utilized in a variety of industries, including design and marketing.

Humanistic Psychology

Humanistic psychology stresses subjective experience as well as an individual’s ability to evolve and achieve self-actualization (Seligman, 2019). While humanistic psychology did not directly influence the development of cognitive psychology, it did have an impact on the discipline of counseling and psychotherapy. Cognitive-behavioral therapy, a popular psychotherapy technique that blends cognitive psychology and behaviorism, includes components of humanistic psychology, such as the value of the therapeutic interaction.

Evolutionary Psychology

Evolutionary psychology stresses the role of evolution in determining human behavior and mental processes (Badcock et al., 2019). This school of thinking influenced cognitive psychology by offering insights into how the human mind developed to process information and solve issues. Evolutionary psychology has also affected the study of social cognition, highlighting the importance of social interaction in influencing cognitive processes.

Impact of Other Cultures

Western Culture

As a nurse who has been personally touched by cognitive psychology, I acknowledge the importance of cultural influences in its development. Individualism and rational thinking are cultural attitudes and ideas that have affected cognitive psychology in the Western world. This emphasis on the individual has been chastised for overlooking the role of social and cultural variables in determining human behavior and thought processes. As a nurse, I understand the significance of cultural aspects in patient care and treatment, and how they might impact their beliefs and behaviors.

Eastern Culture

At the same time, Eastern cultural traditions have affected the evolution of cognitive psychology. As a nurse, I’ve witnessed the benefits of incorporating mindfulness meditation, a technique that originated in Eastern cultures, into cognitive-behavioral treatment for patients (Hazlett-Stevens et al., 2018). This method stresses present-moment awareness and nonjudgmental acceptance of ideas and feelings, which is consistent with some of the fundamental concepts of cognitive psychology. As healthcare professionals, we may use the diversity of cultural customs to enrich our work and deliver better treatment.

Multiculturalism

As the academic field of psychology has expanded, there has been a greater acknowledgment of the role of multiculturalism in molding human behavior and mental processes. As a nurse, I understand how important it is to incorporate cultural issues while studying cognition. Researchers investigated how cultural variations in language and mental processes affect cognitive functions such as perception and attention. Recognizing these cultural influences allows us to give better culturally sensitive care and therapy to our patients while also ensuring that their unique experiences and backgrounds are taken into account.

Knowledge of Cognitive Psychology and Professional Behavior

Understanding Cognitive Processes

As a nurse, knowing the cognitive processes that underpin behavior and decision-making may inform my professional conduct in a variety of ways. For example, understanding how cognitive biases might influence clinical judgment can help me become more conscious of my prejudices and aim for impartiality in patient treatment (Narayan, 2019). Furthermore, understanding how attention and memory processes function would allow me to communicate more effectively with individuals who may have cognitive deficits or memory issues.

Cognitive Behavioral Interventions

Cognitive psychology has also influenced my use of cognitive-behavioral therapies in patient care. As a nurse, I can employ cognitive-behavioral strategies to assist patients in managing anxiety, depression, and other mental health issues. These treatments are based on cognitive psychology concepts that stress the importance of ideas and beliefs in determining behavior (Youn & Marques, 2021). For example, assisting a patient in identifying and challenging negative ideas might boost their mood and help them build more positive coping techniques.

Integrating Cultural Factors

As a nurse, you must consider cultural considerations when providing care to patients. Understanding cultural impacts on cognition can guide professional conduct and contribute to better culturally responsive treatment. For example, in certain cultures, mental health concerns may be stigmatized, making patients unwilling to seek therapy. Understanding these cultural values can influence how I approach patient care and communication, allowing me to create more successful treatment programs.

Applying Cognitive Psychology in Health Education

Finally, as a nurse, knowing cognitive psychology can help me improve my health education efforts. Knowing how to properly deliver information while also engaging patients’ attention and memory can increase the efficacy of health education initiatives (Schmidt & Mamede, 2020). Understanding how cognitive processes function allows me to personalize health education materials to patients’ specific needs and learning styles.

Conclusion – PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior

Understanding how main schools of psychological thinking influence professional conduct is critical for offering successful and evidence-based services across a variety of areas. In this research, we looked at how cognitive psychology evolved and was impacted by different schools of thought, as well as the cultural forces that shaped it. We also examined how knowledge of cognitive psychology influences professional conduct in nursing, presenting examples of how it might be used in practice.

Understanding cognitive processes and biases, incorporating cultural elements, and adopting cognitive-behavioral therapies are all examples of how applying cognitive psychology concepts to professional conduct may enhance patient outcomes and provide more effective and personalized care. Recognizing the relevance of psychological views in molding professional conduct allows us to continue to enhance the quality of care offered to patients in a number of situations.

References

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior: Adams, G., Estrada-Villalta, S., Sullivan, D., & Markus, H. R. (2019). The Psychology of neoliberalism and the neoliberalism of psychology. Journal of Social Issues, 75(1). https://doi.org/10.1111/josi.12305

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior: American Psychological Association. (2017). What is cognitive behavioral therapy? American Psychological Association. https://www.apa.org/ptsd-guideline/patients-and-families/cognitive-behavioral 

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior: Badcock, P. B., Friston, K. J., Ramstead, M. J. D., Ploeger, A., & Hohwy, J. (2019). The hierarchically mechanistic mind: An evolutionary systems theory of the human brain, cognition, and behavior. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 19(6), 1319–1351. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13415-019-00721-3 

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior: Bordens, K. S., & Horowitz, I. A. (2018). Social psychology. Psychology Press. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781410604934

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior: Çeliköz, N., Erişen, Y., & Şahin, M. (2019). Cognitive learning theories with emphasis on latent learning, gestalt and information processing theories. Journal of Educational and Instructional Studies in the World, 9(3). https://avesis.yildiz.edu.tr/yayin/b7a5a4ef-a206-40a3-9d57-24891a62903c/cognitive-learning-theories-with-emphasis-on-latent-learning-gestalt-and-information-processing-theories 

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior: Hazlett-Stevens, H., Singer, J., & Chong, A. (2018). Mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy with older adults: A qualitative review of randomized controlled outcome research. Clinical Gerontologist, 42(4). https://doi.org/10.1080/07317115.2018.1518282

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior: Loued-Khenissi, L., Döll, O., & Preuschoff, K. (2018). An overview of functional magnetic resonance imaging techniques for organizational research. Organizational Research Methods, 22(1), 17–45. https://doi.org/10.1177/1094428118802631

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior: Mandal, S. (2021). The Cognitive Revolution. Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science, 1(1), 1167–1177. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-19650-3_1309 

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior: Narayan, M. C. (2019). Addressing implicit bias in nursing: A review. AJN, American Journal of Nursing, 119(7), 36–43. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.naj.0000569340.27659.5a

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior: Sayood, K. (2018). Information theory and cognition: A review. Entropy, 20(9), 706. https://doi.org/10.3390/e20090706

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior: Schmidt, H. G., & Mamede, S. (2020). How cognitive psychology changed the face of medical education research. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 25(5), 1025–1043. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10459-020-10011-0

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior: Scott, N. (2020). Cognitive psychology and tourism – surfing the “cognitive wave”: A perspective article. Tourism Review, 75(1), 49–51. https://doi.org/10.1108/tr-06-2019-0217

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior: Seligman, M. E. P. (2019). Positive psychology: A personal history. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 15(1), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095653

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior: Youn, S. J., & Marques, L. (2021). Cognitive-behavioral strategies to manage anxiety. Psychiatric Annals, 51(5), 207–208. https://doi.org/10.3928/00485713-20210409-04

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